Background. The choice of proper treatment way is one of the most important things in surgically treated long bones metastases. <br /> The aim of this research was evaluation of the treatment way according to neoplasm's type and metastasis localisation and spreading.<br /> Material and methods. The evaluation underwent 158 patients who were divided in 4 groups. The first one consists of 13 patients with single metastasis of cancer with good prognosis. In the second group were 69 patients with bone fracture. The third group included 36 patients with such bone destruction that fracture was expected. The last fourth one had 40 patients with osteoblastic metastases or osteolitic in unloaded bones. <br /> Results and Discussion. In group I long lasting reconstructive implants are required and postoperative irradiation is recommended, in groups II and III the aggressiveness of treatment should be related to three parameters: survival expectancy, mechanical properties of the affected bone, predictive response to adjuvants. Based on the above parameters the quidelines of the protocol allow to identify the most appropriate reconstructive indication for every single case ranging from simple osteosynthesis (bad prognosis, low fracture risk, goodresponse to adjuvants) to prosthetic replacement (good prognosis, high fracture risk, bad response to adjuvants). Patients from group IV were admitted to oncology treatment ward after biopsy.

A new protocol of surgical treatment of long bone metastases

CAPANNA, RODOLFO;
2003

Abstract

Background. The choice of proper treatment way is one of the most important things in surgically treated long bones metastases.
The aim of this research was evaluation of the treatment way according to neoplasm's type and metastasis localisation and spreading.
Material and methods. The evaluation underwent 158 patients who were divided in 4 groups. The first one consists of 13 patients with single metastasis of cancer with good prognosis. In the second group were 69 patients with bone fracture. The third group included 36 patients with such bone destruction that fracture was expected. The last fourth one had 40 patients with osteoblastic metastases or osteolitic in unloaded bones.
Results and Discussion. In group I long lasting reconstructive implants are required and postoperative irradiation is recommended, in groups II and III the aggressiveness of treatment should be related to three parameters: survival expectancy, mechanical properties of the affected bone, predictive response to adjuvants. Based on the above parameters the quidelines of the protocol allow to identify the most appropriate reconstructive indication for every single case ranging from simple osteosynthesis (bad prognosis, low fracture risk, goodresponse to adjuvants) to prosthetic replacement (good prognosis, high fracture risk, bad response to adjuvants). Patients from group IV were admitted to oncology treatment ward after biopsy.
Capanna, Rodolfo; De Biase, Pietro; Campanacci Domenico, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/801615
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