OBJECTIVE: To study the relationships between the PC-1 K121Q variant and diabetic nephropathy (DN) in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 125 patients with type 2 diabetes and abnormal albumin excretion rate (AER) (range 20-5416 microg/min) were followed up for 4 years with repeated measurements of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Genomic DNA was extracted from all patients, and the PC-1 K121Q polymorphism was determined by the PCR AvaII restriction enzyme. A subset of 64 patients underwent a percutaneous kidney biopsy at baseline, and glomerular structure was analyzed by electron microscopic morphometric analysis. At baseline, age (56 +/- 8 vs. 59 +/- 7 years), BMI (28.3 +/- 4.3 vs. 28.6 +/- 3.7 kg/m(2)), known duration of type 2 diabetes (11.1 +/- 7 vs. 11.9 +/- 8 years), and HbA(1c) (8.6 +/- 1.8 vs. 8.4 +/- 1.7%) were similar in K121K (KK, n = 87, 73 men/14 women) and XQ (35 K121Q + 3 Q121Q, n = 38, 27 men/11 women) patients. Baseline GFR was 96 +/- 28 ml. min(-1). 1.73 m(-2) and was related (P = 0.01-0.001) to age, known diabetes duration, and systolic blood pressure. RESULTS: XQ patients had lower GFR (P < 0.05) than KK patients (88 +/- 30 vs. 100 +/- 26 ml. min(-1). 1.73 m(-2)); this difference persisted also after factoring in age and known diabetes duration. The rate of progression of DN was similar in KK and XQ patients: %deltaGFR was 4.1/year (median, range: 22.9-30.6) vs. 4.2/year (9.8-26.7). Morphometric parameters of diabetic glomerulopathy were similar in the two genotype groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with type 2 diabetes with abnormal AER, those carrying the Q PC-1 genotype have more severe DN but not a faster GFR decline than KK patients, thus suggesting faster DN development since diabetes diagnosis in XQ patients.

PC-1 amino acid variant Q121 is associated with a lower glomerular filtration rate in type 2 diabetic patients with abnormal albumin excretion rates

SOLINI, ANNA;
2003-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To study the relationships between the PC-1 K121Q variant and diabetic nephropathy (DN) in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 125 patients with type 2 diabetes and abnormal albumin excretion rate (AER) (range 20-5416 microg/min) were followed up for 4 years with repeated measurements of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Genomic DNA was extracted from all patients, and the PC-1 K121Q polymorphism was determined by the PCR AvaII restriction enzyme. A subset of 64 patients underwent a percutaneous kidney biopsy at baseline, and glomerular structure was analyzed by electron microscopic morphometric analysis. At baseline, age (56 +/- 8 vs. 59 +/- 7 years), BMI (28.3 +/- 4.3 vs. 28.6 +/- 3.7 kg/m(2)), known duration of type 2 diabetes (11.1 +/- 7 vs. 11.9 +/- 8 years), and HbA(1c) (8.6 +/- 1.8 vs. 8.4 +/- 1.7%) were similar in K121K (KK, n = 87, 73 men/14 women) and XQ (35 K121Q + 3 Q121Q, n = 38, 27 men/11 women) patients. Baseline GFR was 96 +/- 28 ml. min(-1). 1.73 m(-2) and was related (P = 0.01-0.001) to age, known diabetes duration, and systolic blood pressure. RESULTS: XQ patients had lower GFR (P < 0.05) than KK patients (88 +/- 30 vs. 100 +/- 26 ml. min(-1). 1.73 m(-2)); this difference persisted also after factoring in age and known diabetes duration. The rate of progression of DN was similar in KK and XQ patients: %deltaGFR was 4.1/year (median, range: 22.9-30.6) vs. 4.2/year (9.8-26.7). Morphometric parameters of diabetic glomerulopathy were similar in the two genotype groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with type 2 diabetes with abnormal AER, those carrying the Q PC-1 genotype have more severe DN but not a faster GFR decline than KK patients, thus suggesting faster DN development since diabetes diagnosis in XQ patients.
2003
DE COSMO, S; Trevisan, R; DALLA VESTRA, M; Vedovato, M; Argiolas, A; Solini, Anna; Saller, A; Damone, F; Tiengo, A; Trischitta, V; Fioretto, P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/80468
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