Abstract Purpose: The extent of surgery for pediatric papillary thyroid carcinoma is debatable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of offering pediatric patients a tailored surgical approach based on certain clinical features. Methods: A national multicenter retrospective review of 250 pediatric patients treated for papillary thyroid carcinoma in a 14-year period was performed. Outcomes of interest included tumor-related features, type of surgery, surgical morbidity, disease-free and overall survival rates. Recurrence was thoroughly analyzed with particular focus on how it correlated with certain patient- and tumor-related features. Results: The majority of patients (58.8 %) had tumors >2 cm in size. Nodal involvement occurred in 115/250 (46 %) patients and distant metastasis in 4 % (10/250). Total thyroidectomy and lobectomy were performed in 90.4 % (226/250) and 9.6 % (24/250) of patients, respectively. The overall rate of surgical complications was 20.8 % (52/250). These included transient and permanent hypoparathyroidism (13.6 and 4.4 %, respectively), and vocal fold palsy (2.8 %). All surgical complications occurred exclusively in the total thyroidectomy group. The rate of recurrent disease was 12 % (30/250) with the vast majority of recurrences (96.6 %) occurring in the total thyroidectomy group. The risk of recurrence correlated significantly with certain tumor-related features (size > 2 cm, multifocality, extrathyroidal invasion, nodal positivity, and distant metastasis). However, it did not correlate with the patient’s age or sex. Overall survival was 100 %. Conclusion: Pediatric patients are likely to benefit from a tailored surgical strategy. Uniformly offering patients total thyroidectomy seems to be an overly radical approach. © 2016, Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE)

Surgical management of papillary thyroid carcinoma in childhood and adolescence: an Italian multicenter study on 250 patients

SPINELLI, CLAUDIO;MICCOLI, PAOLO
2016-01-01

Abstract

Abstract Purpose: The extent of surgery for pediatric papillary thyroid carcinoma is debatable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of offering pediatric patients a tailored surgical approach based on certain clinical features. Methods: A national multicenter retrospective review of 250 pediatric patients treated for papillary thyroid carcinoma in a 14-year period was performed. Outcomes of interest included tumor-related features, type of surgery, surgical morbidity, disease-free and overall survival rates. Recurrence was thoroughly analyzed with particular focus on how it correlated with certain patient- and tumor-related features. Results: The majority of patients (58.8 %) had tumors >2 cm in size. Nodal involvement occurred in 115/250 (46 %) patients and distant metastasis in 4 % (10/250). Total thyroidectomy and lobectomy were performed in 90.4 % (226/250) and 9.6 % (24/250) of patients, respectively. The overall rate of surgical complications was 20.8 % (52/250). These included transient and permanent hypoparathyroidism (13.6 and 4.4 %, respectively), and vocal fold palsy (2.8 %). All surgical complications occurred exclusively in the total thyroidectomy group. The rate of recurrent disease was 12 % (30/250) with the vast majority of recurrences (96.6 %) occurring in the total thyroidectomy group. The risk of recurrence correlated significantly with certain tumor-related features (size > 2 cm, multifocality, extrathyroidal invasion, nodal positivity, and distant metastasis). However, it did not correlate with the patient’s age or sex. Overall survival was 100 %. Conclusion: Pediatric patients are likely to benefit from a tailored surgical strategy. Uniformly offering patients total thyroidectomy seems to be an overly radical approach. © 2016, Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE)
2016
Spinelli, Claudio; Strambi, S; Rossi, L; Bakkar, S; Massimino, M; Ferrari, A; Collini, P; Cecchetto, G; Bisogno, G; Inserra, A; Bianco, F; Miccoli, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/808540
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