BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) modulates many pathophysiological processes, including inflammation and allergic reactions, in which mast cells act as major effector cells. IgE receptor (FcεRI) cross linking leads to an increase in intracellular calcium ([Ca+2 ]i ), a critical step in mast cell degranulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of H2 S in [Ca+2 ]i -dependent mast cell activation. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We investigated the effects of H2 S, either endogenously produced or released by the slow H2 S donor 4-carboxy-phenyl isothiocyanate (PhNCS-COOH), on antigenic- and non-antigenic degranulation of native murine mast cells, and human and rat (RBL-2H3) mast cell lines. We measured the release of specific mast cell degranulation markers (β-hexosaminidase and renin), as well as changes in [Ca+2 ]i and phosphorylation of proteins downstream of FcεRI activation. KEY RESULTS: Endogenously produced H2 S inhibited antigen-induced degranulation in RBL-2H3. Similarly, H2 S released by PhNCS-COOH (10-300 μM) reduced, in a concentration-dependent manner, antigenic and non-antigenic degranulation and renin release in all mast cell types. Notably, PhNCS-COOH also prevented in a concentration-dependent mode the increase in [Ca+2 ]i elicited by Ca+2 ionophore, thapsigargin and FcεRI activation. Moreover, PhNCS-COOH attenuated the phosphorylation of Syk, cPLA-2 and PLCγ1 in antigen-stimulated RBL-2H3 cells. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Collectively, our results demonstrate that, by attenuating the phosphorylation of proteins downstream of FcεRI cross-linking on mast cells, H2 S diminishes [Ca+2 ]i availability and thus mast cell degranulation and renin release. These findings suggest that PhNCS-COOH could be a strategic therapeutic tool in mast cell-mediated allergic conditions.

The novel H2S donor 4-carboxy-phenyl isothiocyanate inhibits mast cell degranulation and renin release by decreasing intracellular calcium

MARINO, ALICE;MARTELLI, ALMA;Citi, Valentina;CALDERONE, VINCENZO;
2016-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) modulates many pathophysiological processes, including inflammation and allergic reactions, in which mast cells act as major effector cells. IgE receptor (FcεRI) cross linking leads to an increase in intracellular calcium ([Ca+2 ]i ), a critical step in mast cell degranulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of H2 S in [Ca+2 ]i -dependent mast cell activation. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We investigated the effects of H2 S, either endogenously produced or released by the slow H2 S donor 4-carboxy-phenyl isothiocyanate (PhNCS-COOH), on antigenic- and non-antigenic degranulation of native murine mast cells, and human and rat (RBL-2H3) mast cell lines. We measured the release of specific mast cell degranulation markers (β-hexosaminidase and renin), as well as changes in [Ca+2 ]i and phosphorylation of proteins downstream of FcεRI activation. KEY RESULTS: Endogenously produced H2 S inhibited antigen-induced degranulation in RBL-2H3. Similarly, H2 S released by PhNCS-COOH (10-300 μM) reduced, in a concentration-dependent manner, antigenic and non-antigenic degranulation and renin release in all mast cell types. Notably, PhNCS-COOH also prevented in a concentration-dependent mode the increase in [Ca+2 ]i elicited by Ca+2 ionophore, thapsigargin and FcεRI activation. Moreover, PhNCS-COOH attenuated the phosphorylation of Syk, cPLA-2 and PLCγ1 in antigen-stimulated RBL-2H3 cells. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Collectively, our results demonstrate that, by attenuating the phosphorylation of proteins downstream of FcεRI cross-linking on mast cells, H2 S diminishes [Ca+2 ]i availability and thus mast cell degranulation and renin release. These findings suggest that PhNCS-COOH could be a strategic therapeutic tool in mast cell-mediated allergic conditions.
2016
Marino, Alice; Martelli, Alma; Citi, Valentina; Fu, M; Wang, R; Calderone, Vincenzo; Levi, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/813264
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