Background. The pathogenesis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis largely depends on the secretion of the 6-kD early secreted antigenic target ESAT-6 (EsxA) and the 10-kD culture filtrate protein CFP-10 (EsxB) via the ESX-1/typeVII secretion system. Although gene products from the core RD1 region have been shown to be deeply implicated in this process, less is known about proteins encoded further upstream in the 5′ region of the ESX-1 cluster, such as the ESX-1 secretion-associated proteins (Esps) EspF or EspG1. Methods. To elucidate the role of EspF/G1, whose orthologs in Mycobacterium marinum and Mycobacterium smegmatis are reportedly involved in EsxA/B secretion, we constructed 3 M. tuberculosis knockout strains deleted for espF, espG 1 or the segment corresponding to the combined RD1 bcg-RD1mic region of bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) and Mycobacterium microti, which also contains espF and espG1. Results. Analysis of these strains revealed that, unlike observations with the model organisms M. smegmatis or M. marinum, disruption of espF and espG1 in M. tuberculosis did not impact the secretion and T cell recognition of EsxA/B but still caused severe attenuation. Conclusions. The separation of the 2 ESX-1-connected phenotypes (ie, EsxA/B secretion and virulence) indicates that EsxA/B secretion is not the only readout for a functional ESX-1 system and suggests that other processes involving EspF/G1 also play important roles in ESX-1-mediated pathogenicity.

ESAT-6 secretion-independent impact of ESX-1 genes espF and espG 1on virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

BOTTAI, DARIA;
2011

Abstract

Background. The pathogenesis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis largely depends on the secretion of the 6-kD early secreted antigenic target ESAT-6 (EsxA) and the 10-kD culture filtrate protein CFP-10 (EsxB) via the ESX-1/typeVII secretion system. Although gene products from the core RD1 region have been shown to be deeply implicated in this process, less is known about proteins encoded further upstream in the 5′ region of the ESX-1 cluster, such as the ESX-1 secretion-associated proteins (Esps) EspF or EspG1. Methods. To elucidate the role of EspF/G1, whose orthologs in Mycobacterium marinum and Mycobacterium smegmatis are reportedly involved in EsxA/B secretion, we constructed 3 M. tuberculosis knockout strains deleted for espF, espG 1 or the segment corresponding to the combined RD1 bcg-RD1mic region of bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) and Mycobacterium microti, which also contains espF and espG1. Results. Analysis of these strains revealed that, unlike observations with the model organisms M. smegmatis or M. marinum, disruption of espF and espG1 in M. tuberculosis did not impact the secretion and T cell recognition of EsxA/B but still caused severe attenuation. Conclusions. The separation of the 2 ESX-1-connected phenotypes (ie, EsxA/B secretion and virulence) indicates that EsxA/B secretion is not the only readout for a functional ESX-1 system and suggests that other processes involving EspF/G1 also play important roles in ESX-1-mediated pathogenicity.
Bottai, Daria; Majlessi, Laleh; Simeone, Roxane; Frigui, Wafa; Laurent, Christine; Lenormand, Pascal; Chen, Jeffrey; Rosenkrands, Ida; Huerre, Michel; Leclerc, Claude; Cole, Stewart T.; Brosch, Roland
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Bottai-J Inf Dis.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Tipologia: Versione finale editoriale
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 813.83 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
813.83 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/813512
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 63
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact