We propose a model to explain how a gamma-ray burst can take place days or years after a supernova explosion. Our model is based on the conversion of a pure hadronic star ( neutron star) into a star made at least in part of deconfined quark matter. The conversion process can be delayed if the surface tension at the interface between hadronic and deconfined quark matter phases is taken into account. The nucleation time (i.e., the time to form a critical-size drop of quark matter) can be extremely long if the mass of the star is small. Via mass accretion the nucleation time can be dramatically reduced and the star is finally converted into the stable configuration. A huge amount of energy, on the order of 10^(52)-10^(53) ergs, is released during the conversion process and can produce a powerful gamma-ray burst. The delay between the supernova explosion generating the metastable neutron star and the new collapse can explain the delay inferred in GRB 990705 and in GRB 011211.
|Autori interni:||BOMBACI, IGNAZIO|
|Autori:||BEREZHIANI Z; BOMBACI I; DRAGO A; FRONTERA F; LAVAGNO A|
|Titolo:||Gamma Ray Bursts from delayed collapse of neutron stars to quark matter stars|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1086/367756|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|