We present the results of a micropaleontological study performed on the sapropel sequence associated with insolation cycle 180 from the Plio-Pleistocene Vrica sequence (Calabria, Italy). We performed a high-resolution study on the 3.38-m-thick layer c from a core drilled close to the classical outcrop section in which we analyze fluctuations in the abundance and composition of calcareous nannofossils and planktic and benthic foraminifera. Changes in the fossil assemblages reveal at least three major paleoenvironmental phases in layer c. The base of the sapropel contains an abrupt decrease in benthic fauna that continues through all of layer c. It also has an increase of the coccolithophorids species Coccolithus pelagicus. Planktic foraminifera show at the same depth a peak of the cold species Globorotalia scitula. These changes are followed by decreases in the carbonate preservation index and in abundances of Globigerinita glutinata, Globigerinita uvula and Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sinistral), which suggest cold and highly productive upwelling waters. A short interval in the middle of the sapropel is characterized by low values of C. pelagicus, a fluctuating increase of Pseudoemiliania lacunosa and among the foraminifera an increase of Globigerinoides ruber together with the presence (although decreased) of G. glutinata, G. uvula and N. pachyderma (sinistral). We interpret these features as suggesting high seasonality with warm stratified and probably oligotrophic waters during summer and relatively cold conditions during winter. Finally, the topmost interval of the Vrica layer c exhibits the re-appearance of P. lacunosa together with abundant siliceous phytoplankton. Planktic microfauna show the disappearance of the cold species G. glutinata, G. uvula and N. pachyderma (sinistral). Thus this interval appears to be characterized by warmer temperature. The transition from the laminated to the massive sediment displays a sequence of events, including a decrease of the carbonate preservation index and peaks of Globorotalia inflata and G. scitula, suggesting again upwelling and mixing of the whole water column and, thus, transition to the oxygenated conditions characterizing the massive layer. Neither increased productivity nor stratification appear to characterize the whole sapropel interval, which is, however, always dysoxic.
|Autori interni:||MORIGI, CATERINA|
|Autori:||NEGRI A; MORIGI C; GIUNTA S|
|Titolo:||Are productivity and stratification important to sapropel deposition? Microfossil evidence from late Pliocene I-cycle 180 at Vrica, Calabria|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0031-0182|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|