To improve understanding of the mechanisms of action of oral corticosteroids in asthma, we have conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study with prednisolone (20 mg for 2 wk followed by 10 mg for 4 wk) or placebo in 14 and 13 atopic corticosteroid-naive asthmatic subjects, respectively. Before and after treatment subjects underwent bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and bronchial biopsy. Treatment with prednisolone, but not placebo, significantly reduced asthma symptoms (from mean +/- SEM total weekly score of 34 +/- 6.2 to 15.7 +/- 3.2, p = 0.02) and albuterol usage (from mean +/- SEM number of puffs/wk of 29.7 +/- 6.2 to 18.2 +/- 3.7, p = 0.01) and significantly increased FEV1 (from 89.8 +/- 4.4% to 99.3 +/- 4.1% of predicted, p = 0.03). There were no significant changes in inflammatory or epithelial cell counts, levels of T-cell activation or albumin concentration in BAL. However, immunohistochemistry of bronchial biopsies showed that in the submucosa prednisolone significantly decreased numbers of mast cells by 62% (from median 45 to 17/mm2, p = 0.01), eosinophils by 81% (from median 30.1 to 5.7/mm2, p = 0.004), and CD4+ T-cells by 68% (from median 64.6 to 18.5/mm2, p = 0.02). In the epithelium only the reduction in the numbers of eosinophils was significant (from median 1.1 to 0/mm of epithelium, p = 0.02). There were no significant changes in any cell counts in the subjects receiving placebo, and comparison of the changes between the treatment groups identified a significant prednisolone-related reduction in submucosal eosinophil and mast cell counts (p = 0.003 and 0.03, respectively). The temporal association between the clinical and physiologic improvement, and the correlation between the magnitude of change in CD4+ T-cell counts in the submucosa and increase in PC20 methacholine (rs = 0.60, p = 0.049) suggests that the reduction in airways inflammatory cell numbers underlies the clinical efficacy of oral corticosteroids.

The effect of treatment with oral corticosteroids on asthma symptoms and airway inflammation.

PERONI, DIEGO;
1997

Abstract

To improve understanding of the mechanisms of action of oral corticosteroids in asthma, we have conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study with prednisolone (20 mg for 2 wk followed by 10 mg for 4 wk) or placebo in 14 and 13 atopic corticosteroid-naive asthmatic subjects, respectively. Before and after treatment subjects underwent bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and bronchial biopsy. Treatment with prednisolone, but not placebo, significantly reduced asthma symptoms (from mean +/- SEM total weekly score of 34 +/- 6.2 to 15.7 +/- 3.2, p = 0.02) and albuterol usage (from mean +/- SEM number of puffs/wk of 29.7 +/- 6.2 to 18.2 +/- 3.7, p = 0.01) and significantly increased FEV1 (from 89.8 +/- 4.4% to 99.3 +/- 4.1% of predicted, p = 0.03). There were no significant changes in inflammatory or epithelial cell counts, levels of T-cell activation or albumin concentration in BAL. However, immunohistochemistry of bronchial biopsies showed that in the submucosa prednisolone significantly decreased numbers of mast cells by 62% (from median 45 to 17/mm2, p = 0.01), eosinophils by 81% (from median 30.1 to 5.7/mm2, p = 0.004), and CD4+ T-cells by 68% (from median 64.6 to 18.5/mm2, p = 0.02). In the epithelium only the reduction in the numbers of eosinophils was significant (from median 1.1 to 0/mm of epithelium, p = 0.02). There were no significant changes in any cell counts in the subjects receiving placebo, and comparison of the changes between the treatment groups identified a significant prednisolone-related reduction in submucosal eosinophil and mast cell counts (p = 0.003 and 0.03, respectively). The temporal association between the clinical and physiologic improvement, and the correlation between the magnitude of change in CD4+ T-cell counts in the submucosa and increase in PC20 methacholine (rs = 0.60, p = 0.049) suggests that the reduction in airways inflammatory cell numbers underlies the clinical efficacy of oral corticosteroids.
Djukanović, R; Homeyard, S; Gratziou, C; Madden, J; Walls, A; Montefort, S; Peroni, Diego; Polosa, R; Holgate, S; Howarth, P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/819519
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