The Monte Guardia rhyolitic eruption (~22 ka, Lipari, Aeolian Islands, Italy) produced a sequence of pyroclastic deposits followed by the emplacement of lava domes. The total volume of dense magma erupted was nearly 0.5 km3. The juvenile clasts in the pyroclastic deposits display a variety of magma mixing evidence (mafic magmatic enclaves, streaky pumices, mineral disequilibria and heterogeneous glass composition). Petrographic, mineralogical and geochemical investigations and melt inclusion studies were carried out on the juvenile clasts in order to reconstruct the mixing process and to assess the pre-eruptive chemico-physical magmatic conditions. The results suggest that the different mingling and mixing textures were generated during a single mixing event between a latitic and a rhyolitic end member. A denser, mixed magma was first erupted, followed by a larger volume of an unmixed, lighter rhyolitic one. This compositional sequence is the reverse of what would be expected from the tapping of a zoned magma chamber. The Monte Guardia rhyolitic magma, stored below 200 MPa, was volatile-rich and fluid-saturated, or very close to this, despite its relatively low explosivity. In contrast to previous interpretations, there exists the possibility that the rhyolite could rise and erupt without the trigger of a mafic input. The entire data collected are compatible with two possible mechanisms that would generate a reversely zoned sequence: (1) the occurrence of thermal instabilities in a density stratified, salic to mafic magma chamber and (2) the intrusion of rising rhyolite into a shallower mafic sill/dike.
|Autori:||DE ROSA R; DONATO P; GIONCADA A; MASETTI M; SANTACROCE R|
|Titolo:||The Monte Guardia eruption (Lipari, Aeolian Islands): an example of a reversely zoned magma mixing sequence|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00445-003-0281-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|