The interaction between heavy liquid metal (HLM) and water is a safety concern for the preliminary designs of lead fast reactor (i.e. LFR) and of subcritical transmutation system prototypes (i.e. XT-ADS). Current pool-type configurations have steam generators (SG) inside the reactor vessel. This implies that the primary to secondary leak (e.g. steam generator tube rupture) shall be considered as a postulated initiating event. The issue is addressed for CIRCE facility in ICE (Integral Circulation Experiment) configuration. CIRCE facility is a large pool system aimed at studying key operating principles of Lead Bismuth Eutectic (and Lead) systems. The configuration ICE was carried out to perform integral experiments, simulating the coupling between a high-performance heat source (electrically heated fuel bundle) and the heat exchanger, which was representative of the preliminary design of the XT-ADS heat exchanger. A Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) is applied in order to get a complete picture of all the failure modes pertaining to this system, to determine their effects and to classify them according to their severity. The outcome of the analysis has identified as major hazard, relative to the CIRCE facility in the ICE configuration, the risk related to the LBE/water reaction, although with a very low probability, with the potential for a suddenly and dangerous pressurization (beyond the failure threshold) within the main vessel. A SIMMER-III code model of the system has been setup to provide deterministic results of the scenario. The results are supported by means of a LBE/water interaction experiment executed in LIFUS5 facility. LIFUS5 is a separate effect test facility dedicated to the investigation of LBE/water interaction. SIMMER-III code pre-test and post-test analyses are performed to define the boundary conditions of the experiment and to demonstrate the reliability of the code in simulating the phenomena of interest. The activity contributes to solving the safety issue raised for the operation of CIRCE facility and it provides a sample approach for addressing the safety studies needed in the development of the lead fast reactor and of the subcritical transmutation system.

Addressing the heavy liquid metal - Water interaction issue in LBE system

FORGIONE, NICOLA
Writing – Review & Editing
2016-01-01

Abstract

The interaction between heavy liquid metal (HLM) and water is a safety concern for the preliminary designs of lead fast reactor (i.e. LFR) and of subcritical transmutation system prototypes (i.e. XT-ADS). Current pool-type configurations have steam generators (SG) inside the reactor vessel. This implies that the primary to secondary leak (e.g. steam generator tube rupture) shall be considered as a postulated initiating event. The issue is addressed for CIRCE facility in ICE (Integral Circulation Experiment) configuration. CIRCE facility is a large pool system aimed at studying key operating principles of Lead Bismuth Eutectic (and Lead) systems. The configuration ICE was carried out to perform integral experiments, simulating the coupling between a high-performance heat source (electrically heated fuel bundle) and the heat exchanger, which was representative of the preliminary design of the XT-ADS heat exchanger. A Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) is applied in order to get a complete picture of all the failure modes pertaining to this system, to determine their effects and to classify them according to their severity. The outcome of the analysis has identified as major hazard, relative to the CIRCE facility in the ICE configuration, the risk related to the LBE/water reaction, although with a very low probability, with the potential for a suddenly and dangerous pressurization (beyond the failure threshold) within the main vessel. A SIMMER-III code model of the system has been setup to provide deterministic results of the scenario. The results are supported by means of a LBE/water interaction experiment executed in LIFUS5 facility. LIFUS5 is a separate effect test facility dedicated to the investigation of LBE/water interaction. SIMMER-III code pre-test and post-test analyses are performed to define the boundary conditions of the experiment and to demonstrate the reliability of the code in simulating the phenomena of interest. The activity contributes to solving the safety issue raised for the operation of CIRCE facility and it provides a sample approach for addressing the safety studies needed in the development of the lead fast reactor and of the subcritical transmutation system.
Del Nevo, A; Ciampichetti, A.; Tarantino, M.; Burgazzi, L.; Forgione, Nicola
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/827159
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