We studied the possibility that the sulfur (S) assimilatory pathway might be modulated by iron (Fe) starvation in barley, as a consequence of plant requirement for an adequate amount of reduced S to maintain methionine and, in turn, phytosiderophore biosynthesis. Barley seedlings were grown with or without 100 μM FeIII– EDTA, at three S levels in the nutrient solution (S2 =1200, S1 =60, and S0 =0 μM sulfate) in order to reproduce conditions of optimal supply, latent and severe deficiency, respectively. Fe deprivation increased root cysteine content irrespective of the S supply. However, this increase was not associated with either higher rates of 35SO4 2− uptake or increased expression of the gene for the high-affinity sulfate transporter, HvST1, and these roots failed to increase their activities of ATP sulfurylase (ATPS) and O-acetylserine(thiol) lyase (OASTL). We observed a significant increase in 35SO4 2− uptake rate (+76%) only in Fe-deficient S1 plants and we found an increase in root ATPS activity only in S0 plants. We observed an increase of ATPS enzyme activity in leaves of S1 and S2 plants, most likely suggesting increased S assimilation followed by translocation of thiols (Cys) to the root. Taken together, our results suggest that Fe deficiency affects the partitioning from the shoot to the root of the reduced S pool within the plant and can affect SO4 2− uptake under limited S supply.

Iron deficiency modulates uptake and redistribution of reduced sulphur pool in barley plants

SANITA' di TOPPI, LUIGI;
2006

Abstract

We studied the possibility that the sulfur (S) assimilatory pathway might be modulated by iron (Fe) starvation in barley, as a consequence of plant requirement for an adequate amount of reduced S to maintain methionine and, in turn, phytosiderophore biosynthesis. Barley seedlings were grown with or without 100 μM FeIII– EDTA, at three S levels in the nutrient solution (S2 =1200, S1 =60, and S0 =0 μM sulfate) in order to reproduce conditions of optimal supply, latent and severe deficiency, respectively. Fe deprivation increased root cysteine content irrespective of the S supply. However, this increase was not associated with either higher rates of 35SO4 2− uptake or increased expression of the gene for the high-affinity sulfate transporter, HvST1, and these roots failed to increase their activities of ATP sulfurylase (ATPS) and O-acetylserine(thiol) lyase (OASTL). We observed a significant increase in 35SO4 2− uptake rate (+76%) only in Fe-deficient S1 plants and we found an increase in root ATPS activity only in S0 plants. We observed an increase of ATPS enzyme activity in leaves of S1 and S2 plants, most likely suggesting increased S assimilation followed by translocation of thiols (Cys) to the root. Taken together, our results suggest that Fe deficiency affects the partitioning from the shoot to the root of the reduced S pool within the plant and can affect SO4 2− uptake under limited S supply.
Astolfi, S; Zuchi, S; Cesco, S; SANITA' di TOPPI, Luigi; Pirazzi, D; Badiani, M; Varanini, Z; Pinton, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/830547
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