PURPOSE: To assess whether contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MR Cholangiography may provide additional information in the evaluation of biliary complications in orthotopic liver transplant recipients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty liver transplant patients with suspicion of biliary adverse events underwent MR imaging at 1.5 T scanner. After acquisition of axial T1-/T2-weighted images and conventional T2-weighted MR Cholangiography (image set 1), 3D gradient-echo T1-weighted fat-suppressed LAVA (Liver Acquisition with Volume Acceleration) sequences were obtained about 30 min after intravenous infusion of mangafodipir trisodium (Mn-DPDP,Teslascan(®)) (image set 2). The diagnostic value of mangafodipir trisodium-enhanced MR Cholangiography in the detection of biliary complications was tested by separate analysis results of image set 1 alone and image set 1 and 2 together. MRI results were correlated with direct cholangiography in 46 patients, surgery in 14 and/or clinical-radiological follow-up in the remaining 20 cases. RESULTS: The level of confidence in the assessment of biliary adverse events was significantly increased by the administration of mangafodipir trisodium (p < 0.05). Particularly, contrast-enhanced T1-weighted LAVA sequences tended to out-perform conventional T2-weighted MR Cholangiography in the delineation of anastomotic and non-anastomotic biliary strictures and in the diagnosis of biliary leak. CONCLUSIONS: Contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MR Cholangiography may improve the level of diagnostic confidence provided by conventional T2-weighted MR Cholangiography in the evaluation of biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation.

Biliary complications following orthotopic liver transplantation: May contrast-enhanced MR Cholangiography provide additional information?

FILIPPONI, FRANCO
2016

Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess whether contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MR Cholangiography may provide additional information in the evaluation of biliary complications in orthotopic liver transplant recipients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty liver transplant patients with suspicion of biliary adverse events underwent MR imaging at 1.5 T scanner. After acquisition of axial T1-/T2-weighted images and conventional T2-weighted MR Cholangiography (image set 1), 3D gradient-echo T1-weighted fat-suppressed LAVA (Liver Acquisition with Volume Acceleration) sequences were obtained about 30 min after intravenous infusion of mangafodipir trisodium (Mn-DPDP,Teslascan(®)) (image set 2). The diagnostic value of mangafodipir trisodium-enhanced MR Cholangiography in the detection of biliary complications was tested by separate analysis results of image set 1 alone and image set 1 and 2 together. MRI results were correlated with direct cholangiography in 46 patients, surgery in 14 and/or clinical-radiological follow-up in the remaining 20 cases. RESULTS: The level of confidence in the assessment of biliary adverse events was significantly increased by the administration of mangafodipir trisodium (p < 0.05). Particularly, contrast-enhanced T1-weighted LAVA sequences tended to out-perform conventional T2-weighted MR Cholangiography in the delineation of anastomotic and non-anastomotic biliary strictures and in the diagnosis of biliary leak. CONCLUSIONS: Contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MR Cholangiography may improve the level of diagnostic confidence provided by conventional T2-weighted MR Cholangiography in the evaluation of biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation.
Boraschi, P; Donati, F; Gigoni, R; Filipponi, Franco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/840092
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