In metastatic colorectal cancer, the optimization of upfront treatment and the continuum of care based on patients' exposure to multiple treatment lines have reached a plateau of efficacy. Therefore, a paradigm shift is ongoing towards precision medicine and personalized treatments based on the specific molecular features of the disease. In this perspective, the improved knowledge of disease biology coming from the lab has prompted a rapid translation from bench to bedside of newer targeted strategies. Here, we focus on the most promising biomarkers already included or close to adoption in daily clinical practice. In particular, evidence about the potential roles of BRAF mutation, HER2 amplification, MGMT methylation, microsatellite instability, and ALK, ROS and NTRK1-3 rearrangements as positive predictors of benefit from biological agents is reviewed and discussed.

How the lab is changing our view of colorectal cancer

CREMOLINI, CHIARA;
2016

Abstract

In metastatic colorectal cancer, the optimization of upfront treatment and the continuum of care based on patients' exposure to multiple treatment lines have reached a plateau of efficacy. Therefore, a paradigm shift is ongoing towards precision medicine and personalized treatments based on the specific molecular features of the disease. In this perspective, the improved knowledge of disease biology coming from the lab has prompted a rapid translation from bench to bedside of newer targeted strategies. Here, we focus on the most promising biomarkers already included or close to adoption in daily clinical practice. In particular, evidence about the potential roles of BRAF mutation, HER2 amplification, MGMT methylation, microsatellite instability, and ALK, ROS and NTRK1-3 rearrangements as positive predictors of benefit from biological agents is reviewed and discussed.
Cremolini, Chiara; Pietrantonio, Filippo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/851878
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