5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde (HMF) is a biomass-derived intermediate for the sustainable production of monomers and biofuels. However, most of its syntheses are performed under not environmentally and/or economically green conditions. In this work, the dehydration of fructose/inulin to HMF was optimized, employing aqueous medium, high substrate concentrations (10 and 20 wt%), low loading of commercial acid resin (Amberlyst-70) and microwave heating. The influence of substrate/catalyst ratio, time and temperature on the products yields was investigated. Amberlyst-70 resulted a very active and recyclable system: HMF yields up to 46 mol% were ascertained, the best result up to now reached under these reaction conditions.

Amberlyst A-70: A surprisingly active catalyst for the MW-assisted dehydration of fructose and inulin to HMF in water

ANTONETTI, CLAUDIA;RASPOLLI GALLETTI, ANNA MARIA;FULIGNATI, SARA;LICURSI, DOMENICO
2017-01-01

Abstract

5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde (HMF) is a biomass-derived intermediate for the sustainable production of monomers and biofuels. However, most of its syntheses are performed under not environmentally and/or economically green conditions. In this work, the dehydration of fructose/inulin to HMF was optimized, employing aqueous medium, high substrate concentrations (10 and 20 wt%), low loading of commercial acid resin (Amberlyst-70) and microwave heating. The influence of substrate/catalyst ratio, time and temperature on the products yields was investigated. Amberlyst-70 resulted a very active and recyclable system: HMF yields up to 46 mol% were ascertained, the best result up to now reached under these reaction conditions.
2017
Antonetti, Claudia; RASPOLLI GALLETTI, ANNA MARIA; Fulignati, Sara; Licursi, Domenico
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/857004
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