Aortic valve stenosis (AVS) is associated with significant myocardial fibrosis (MF). Global longitudinal strain (GLS) is a sensible indicator of systolic dysfunction. ST2 is a member of the interleukin (IL)-1 receptor family and a modulator of hypertrophic and fibrotic responses. We aimed at assessing: (a) the association between adverse LV remodeling, LV functional parameters (including GLS) and sST2 level. (b) The association between MF (detected by endo-myocardial biopsy) and sST2 in patients with AVS undergoing surgical valve replacement. Twenty-two patients with severe AVS and preserved EF underwent aortic valve replacement. They performed laboratory analysis, including serum ST2 (sST2), echocardiography and inter-ventricular septum biopsy to assess MF (%). We included ten controls for comparison. Compared to controls, patients showed higher sST2 levels (p < 0.0001). sST2 showed correlation with Age (r = 0.58; p = 0.0004), E/e' average (r = 0.58; p = 0.0007), GLS (r = 0.61; p = 0.0002), LAVi (r = 0.51; p = 0.003), LVMi (r = 0.43; p = 0.01), sPAP (r = 0.36; p = 0.04) and SVi (r = -0.47; p < 0.005). No correlation was found between MF and sST2. At ROC analysis, a sST2 ≥ 284 ng/mL had the best accuracy to discriminate controls from patients with impaired GLS, i.e. GLS ≤ 17% (AUC 0.80; p = 0.003; sensitivity 95%; specificity 83%) and increased E/e' average (AUC 0.87; p = 0.0001; sensitivity 96%; specificity 74%). At multivariate regression analysis GLS resulted the only independent predictor of sST2 levels (R(2) = 0.35; p =  0.0004). Patients with severe AVS present elevated sST2 levels. LV GLS resulted the only independent predictor of sST2 levels.

The integrated value of sST2 and global longitudinal strain in the early stratification of patients with severe aortic valve stenosis: a translational imaging approach

FABIANI, IACOPO
Primo
;
CONTE, LORENZO;PUGLIESE, NICOLA RICCARDO;CALOGERO, ENRICO
;
BARLETTA, VALENTINA;DI STEFANO, ROSSELLA;SANTONI, TATIANA;SCATENA, CRISTIAN;BORTOLOTTI, UBERTO;NACCARATO, ANTONIO GIUSEPPE;PETRONIO, ANNA;DI BELLO, VITANTONIO
Ultimo
2017-01-01

Abstract

Aortic valve stenosis (AVS) is associated with significant myocardial fibrosis (MF). Global longitudinal strain (GLS) is a sensible indicator of systolic dysfunction. ST2 is a member of the interleukin (IL)-1 receptor family and a modulator of hypertrophic and fibrotic responses. We aimed at assessing: (a) the association between adverse LV remodeling, LV functional parameters (including GLS) and sST2 level. (b) The association between MF (detected by endo-myocardial biopsy) and sST2 in patients with AVS undergoing surgical valve replacement. Twenty-two patients with severe AVS and preserved EF underwent aortic valve replacement. They performed laboratory analysis, including serum ST2 (sST2), echocardiography and inter-ventricular septum biopsy to assess MF (%). We included ten controls for comparison. Compared to controls, patients showed higher sST2 levels (p < 0.0001). sST2 showed correlation with Age (r = 0.58; p = 0.0004), E/e' average (r = 0.58; p = 0.0007), GLS (r = 0.61; p = 0.0002), LAVi (r = 0.51; p = 0.003), LVMi (r = 0.43; p = 0.01), sPAP (r = 0.36; p = 0.04) and SVi (r = -0.47; p < 0.005). No correlation was found between MF and sST2. At ROC analysis, a sST2 ≥ 284 ng/mL had the best accuracy to discriminate controls from patients with impaired GLS, i.e. GLS ≤ 17% (AUC 0.80; p = 0.003; sensitivity 95%; specificity 83%) and increased E/e' average (AUC 0.87; p = 0.0001; sensitivity 96%; specificity 74%). At multivariate regression analysis GLS resulted the only independent predictor of sST2 levels (R(2) = 0.35; p =  0.0004). Patients with severe AVS present elevated sST2 levels. LV GLS resulted the only independent predictor of sST2 levels.
Fabiani, Iacopo; Conte, Lorenzo; Pugliese, NICOLA RICCARDO; Calogero, Enrico; Barletta, Valentina; DI STEFANO, Rossella; Santoni, Tatiana; Scatena, Cristian; Bortolotti, Uberto; Naccarato, ANTONIO GIUSEPPE; Petronio, Anna; DI BELLO, Vitantonio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/866808
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