Background: In patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), disease progression occurs after a median of 9 to 10 months of crizotinib treatment. Several mechanisms of resistance have been identified and include ALK mutations and amplification or the activation of bypassing signaling pathways. Rebiopsy in NSCLC patients represents a critical issue and the analysis of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) has a promising role for the identification of resistance mechanisms. Patients and Methods: Twenty patients with advanced ALK-positive NSCLC were enrolled after disease progression during crizotinib treatment; cfDNA was analyzed using digital droplet polymerase chain reaction (BioRad, Hercules, CA) for ALK (p.L1196M, p.G1269A, and p.F1174L) and Kirsten rat sarcoma (KRAS) (codons 12 and 13) mutations. Results: ALK secondary mutations (p.L1196M, p.G1269A, and p.F1174L) were identified in 5 patients; 1 patient had 2 ALK mutations (p.L1196M and p.G1269A). Overall, 10 patients presented KRAS mutations (7 p.G12D, 2 p.G12V, and 1 p.G12C mutations, respectively). In 3 patients KRAS mutations were associated with ALK mutations. cfDNA was monitored during the treatment with second-generation ALK inhibitors and the amount of ALK as well as KRAS mutations decreased along with tumor regression. Conclusion: ALK and KRAS mutations are associated with acquired resistance to crizotinib in ALK-positive NSCLC. In particular, ALK acquired mutations can be detected in plasma and could represent a promising tumor marker for response monitoring.

Detection of ALK and KRAS Mutations in Circulating Tumor DNA of Patients With Advanced ALK-Positive NSCLC With Disease Progression During Crizotinib Treatment

ROFI, ELEONORA;PETRINI, IACOPO;RESTANTE, GIULIANA;DANESI, ROMANO
Writing – Review & Editing
;
DEL RE, MARZIA
2017-01-01

Abstract

Background: In patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), disease progression occurs after a median of 9 to 10 months of crizotinib treatment. Several mechanisms of resistance have been identified and include ALK mutations and amplification or the activation of bypassing signaling pathways. Rebiopsy in NSCLC patients represents a critical issue and the analysis of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) has a promising role for the identification of resistance mechanisms. Patients and Methods: Twenty patients with advanced ALK-positive NSCLC were enrolled after disease progression during crizotinib treatment; cfDNA was analyzed using digital droplet polymerase chain reaction (BioRad, Hercules, CA) for ALK (p.L1196M, p.G1269A, and p.F1174L) and Kirsten rat sarcoma (KRAS) (codons 12 and 13) mutations. Results: ALK secondary mutations (p.L1196M, p.G1269A, and p.F1174L) were identified in 5 patients; 1 patient had 2 ALK mutations (p.L1196M and p.G1269A). Overall, 10 patients presented KRAS mutations (7 p.G12D, 2 p.G12V, and 1 p.G12C mutations, respectively). In 3 patients KRAS mutations were associated with ALK mutations. cfDNA was monitored during the treatment with second-generation ALK inhibitors and the amount of ALK as well as KRAS mutations decreased along with tumor regression. Conclusion: ALK and KRAS mutations are associated with acquired resistance to crizotinib in ALK-positive NSCLC. In particular, ALK acquired mutations can be detected in plasma and could represent a promising tumor marker for response monitoring.
Bordi, Paola; Tiseo, Marcello; Rofi, Eleonora; Petrini, Iacopo; Restante, Giuliana; Danesi, Romano; DEL RE, Marzia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/869879
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