Inactivating mutations of the multiple endocrine neoplasia 1 (MEN1) gene cause MEN1 syndrome, characterized by primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT), and parathyroid and gastro-entero-pancreatic pituitary tumors. At present, only 14 cases of malignant parathyroid tumor have been associated with the syndrome, with 6 cases carrying an inactivating mutation of the MEN1 gene. The present study presents the case of a 48-year-old female who presented with multigland pHPT and multiple pancreatic lesions. The patient underwent surgery several times for the excision of parathyroid hyperplasia, carcinoma and adenoma. The MEN1 gene was screened, revealing three variants (in cis) at the intron/exon 3 boundary (IVS2-3G>C, c.497A>T and c.499G>T) detected on the DNA of the proband, not shared by her relatives. RNA sequencing revealed that the IVS2-3C>G variant caused the skipping of the exon 3. Therefore, the present study reports on a novel rare association of MEN1 syndrome and parathyroid carcinoma. The reported splicing mutation was previously identified in subjects who always developed malignant lesions; thus, a possible genotype-phenotype association may be considered.

Novel association of MEN1 gene mutations with parathyroid carcinoma

PARDI, ELENA;MARCOCCI, CLAUDIO;
2017

Abstract

Inactivating mutations of the multiple endocrine neoplasia 1 (MEN1) gene cause MEN1 syndrome, characterized by primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT), and parathyroid and gastro-entero-pancreatic pituitary tumors. At present, only 14 cases of malignant parathyroid tumor have been associated with the syndrome, with 6 cases carrying an inactivating mutation of the MEN1 gene. The present study presents the case of a 48-year-old female who presented with multigland pHPT and multiple pancreatic lesions. The patient underwent surgery several times for the excision of parathyroid hyperplasia, carcinoma and adenoma. The MEN1 gene was screened, revealing three variants (in cis) at the intron/exon 3 boundary (IVS2-3G>C, c.497A>T and c.499G>T) detected on the DNA of the proband, not shared by her relatives. RNA sequencing revealed that the IVS2-3C>G variant caused the skipping of the exon 3. Therefore, the present study reports on a novel rare association of MEN1 syndrome and parathyroid carcinoma. The reported splicing mutation was previously identified in subjects who always developed malignant lesions; thus, a possible genotype-phenotype association may be considered.
Cinque, Luigia; Sparaneo, Angelo; Cetani, Filomena; Coco, Michelina; Clemente, Celeste; Chetta, Massimiliano; Balsamo, Teresa; Battista, Claudia; Sanpaolo, Eliana; Pardi, Elena; D'Agruma, Leonardo; Marcocci, Claudio; Maiello, Evaristo; Hendy, Geoffrey N.; Cole, David E. C.; Scillitani, Alfredo; Guarnieri, Vito
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/870106
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact