Pancreatic cancer (PDAC) is still lacking of reliable markers to monitor tumor response. CA 19-9 is the only biomarker approved, despite it has several limitations in sensitivity and specificity. Since mutations of KRAS occur in more than 90% of tumors, its detection in circulating free tumor DNA (cftDNA) could represent a biomarker to monitor chemotherapy response. Twenty-seven advanced PDAC patients given first-line 5-fluorouracil, irinotecan and oxaliplatin or gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel were enrolled. Three ml of plasma were collected: 1) before starting chemotherapy (baseline); 2) at day 15 of treatment; and 3) at each clinical follow-up. cftDNA was extracted and analysed for KRAS mutations (mutKRAS) by digital droplet PCR. Nineteen patients displayed a mutKRAS in baseline plasma samples. There was a statistically significant difference in progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with increase vs. stability/reduction of cftDNA in the sample collected at day 15 (median PFS 2.5 vs 7.5 months, p = 0.03; median OS 6.5 vs 11.5 months, p = 0.009). The results of this study demonstrate that cftDNA mutKRAS changes are associated with tumor response to chemotherapy and support the evidence that mutKRAS in plasma may be used as a new marker for monitoring treatment outcome and disease progression in PDAC.

Early changes in plasma DNA levels of mutant KRAS as a sensitive marker of response to chemotherapy in pancreatic cancer

DEL RE, MARZIA;VIVALDI, CATERINA;ROFI, ELEONORA;VASILE, ENRICO;MICCOLI, MARIO;CAPARELLO, CHIARA;FALCONE, ALFREDO;DANESI, ROMANO
2017

Abstract

Pancreatic cancer (PDAC) is still lacking of reliable markers to monitor tumor response. CA 19-9 is the only biomarker approved, despite it has several limitations in sensitivity and specificity. Since mutations of KRAS occur in more than 90% of tumors, its detection in circulating free tumor DNA (cftDNA) could represent a biomarker to monitor chemotherapy response. Twenty-seven advanced PDAC patients given first-line 5-fluorouracil, irinotecan and oxaliplatin or gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel were enrolled. Three ml of plasma were collected: 1) before starting chemotherapy (baseline); 2) at day 15 of treatment; and 3) at each clinical follow-up. cftDNA was extracted and analysed for KRAS mutations (mutKRAS) by digital droplet PCR. Nineteen patients displayed a mutKRAS in baseline plasma samples. There was a statistically significant difference in progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with increase vs. stability/reduction of cftDNA in the sample collected at day 15 (median PFS 2.5 vs 7.5 months, p = 0.03; median OS 6.5 vs 11.5 months, p = 0.009). The results of this study demonstrate that cftDNA mutKRAS changes are associated with tumor response to chemotherapy and support the evidence that mutKRAS in plasma may be used as a new marker for monitoring treatment outcome and disease progression in PDAC.
DEL RE, Marzia; Vivaldi, Caterina; Rofi, Eleonora; Vasile, Enrico; Miccoli, Mario; Caparello, Chiara; D'Arienzo, Pd; Fornaro, L; Falcone, Alfredo; Danesi, Romano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/871339
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