Abstract Objective: Attacks on humans by dogs in a pack, though uncommon, do happen, and result in severe, sometimes fatal, injuries. We describe the role that canine genetic markers played during the investigation of a fatal dog-pack attack involving a 50-year-old male truck driver in a parking lot in Tuscany (Italy). Using canine specific STR genetic markers, the local authorities, in the course of their investigations, reconstructed the genetic relationships between the dogs that caused the deadly aggression and other dogs belonging to the owner of the parking who, at the moment of the aggression, was located in another region of Italy. Results: From a Bayesian clustering algorithm, the most likely number of clusters was two. The average relatedness among the dogs responsible for the aggression was higher than the average relatedness among the other dogs or between the two groups. Taken together, all these results indicate that the two groups of dogs are clearly distinct. Genetic relationships showed that the two groups of dogs were not related. It was therefore unlikely that the murderous dogs belonged to the owner of the parking lot who, on grounds of this and additional evidence, was eventually acquitted.
|Autori:||Ciampolini, Roberta; Cecchi, Francesca; Spinetti, Isabella; Rocchi, Anna; Biscarini, Filippo|
|Titolo:||The use of genetic markers to estimate relationships between dogs in the course of criminal investigations|
|Anno del prodotto:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1186/s13104-017-2722-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|