We evaluated the prognostic impact of a complex remodeling classification (CRC) in asymptomatic patients with arterial hypertension (AH). We retrospectively included 749 hypertensive patients (female 325, 43.4% age 62 ± 11.3 years) in Stages A and B of heart failure. CRC was evaluated including indexed left ventricular mass, end-diastolic volume, and relative wall thickness. After 45-month follow-up, we considered a composite endpoint: total mortality, myocardial infarction, myocardial revascularization, cerebrovascular events, and acute pulmonary edema. Blood pressure was controlled in 265 patients (35.4%), 317 (42.3%) were in Grade 1 of AH, 123 (16.4%) in Grade 2, and 44 (5.9%) in Grade 3. Considering CRC, 292 patients (38%) presented normal/physiological hypertrophy, 102 (13.6%) concentric remodeling, 29 (3.9%) eccentric remodeling, 157 (21%) concentric hypertrophy, 11 (1.5%) mixed hypertrophy, 52 (6.9%) dilated hypertrophy, and 36 (4.8%) eccentric hypertrophy. We observed a total of 73 events (9.7%). Kaplan–Meier method demonstrated a significant different survival in CRC-derived classes (P <.001). Cox regression demonstrated CRC as independent predictor (P =.01), after adjusting for age, gender, diabetes mellitus, grade of hypertension, antihypertensive therapy, stable ischemic heart disease, obesity, systolic and diastolic dysfunction, and classic remodeling classification. In asymptomatic patients with AH, CRC is an independent predictor of poor outcome.

Incremental prognostic value of a complex left ventricular remodeling classification in asymptomatic for heart failure hypertensive patients

FABIANI, IACOPO;PUGLIESE, NICOLA RICCARDO;CONTE, LORENZO;CALOGERO, ENRICO;BARLETTA, VALENTINA;DI BELLO, VITANTONIO;BURALLI, SIMONA;TADDEI, STEFANO;
2017

Abstract

We evaluated the prognostic impact of a complex remodeling classification (CRC) in asymptomatic patients with arterial hypertension (AH). We retrospectively included 749 hypertensive patients (female 325, 43.4% age 62 ± 11.3 years) in Stages A and B of heart failure. CRC was evaluated including indexed left ventricular mass, end-diastolic volume, and relative wall thickness. After 45-month follow-up, we considered a composite endpoint: total mortality, myocardial infarction, myocardial revascularization, cerebrovascular events, and acute pulmonary edema. Blood pressure was controlled in 265 patients (35.4%), 317 (42.3%) were in Grade 1 of AH, 123 (16.4%) in Grade 2, and 44 (5.9%) in Grade 3. Considering CRC, 292 patients (38%) presented normal/physiological hypertrophy, 102 (13.6%) concentric remodeling, 29 (3.9%) eccentric remodeling, 157 (21%) concentric hypertrophy, 11 (1.5%) mixed hypertrophy, 52 (6.9%) dilated hypertrophy, and 36 (4.8%) eccentric hypertrophy. We observed a total of 73 events (9.7%). Kaplan–Meier method demonstrated a significant different survival in CRC-derived classes (P <.001). Cox regression demonstrated CRC as independent predictor (P =.01), after adjusting for age, gender, diabetes mellitus, grade of hypertension, antihypertensive therapy, stable ischemic heart disease, obesity, systolic and diastolic dysfunction, and classic remodeling classification. In asymptomatic patients with AH, CRC is an independent predictor of poor outcome.
Fabiani, Iacopo; Pugliese, NICOLA RICCARDO; Conte, Lorenzo; Calogero, Enrico; Barletta, Valentina; DI BELLO, Vitantonio; La Carrubba, Salvatore; Antonini Canterin, Francesco; Colonna, Paolo; Benedetto, Frank; Carerj, Scipione; Buralli, Simona; Taddei, Stefano; Romano, MARIA FRANCESCA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/872158
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