Objectives Preoperative diagnosis of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) remains challenging. Recently, the presence of disproportionally enlarged subarachnoid spaces and hydrocephalus (DESH) on diagnostic images has been linked to clinical improvement after ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement. In this study we describe a new quantitative method to assess DESH on CT scans and to evaluate its prognostic value. Patients and methods A multiplanar reconstruction software was used to retrospectively evaluate prospectively collected radiological data (CT scans) of 26 controls and 29 consecutive patients that underwent VP shunt placement for possible iNPH. The ratio between the areas of the sylvian fissure and the subarachnoid space at the vertex was calculated (SILVER index). The diagnostic accuracy of the SILVER index and the estimate of the best cut-point were assessed using ROC analysis. Results The mean value of the SILVER index was 11.52 ± 14.27 in the study group and 1.68 ± 0.98 in the control group (p-value < 0.0001). The area under the ROC curve for the SILVER index was 0.903 (95% CI 0.813–0.994). A cut-off value for the SILVER index of 3.75 was extrapolated with a sensitivity and specificity of 0.828 and 0.962 respectively. Conclusions The SILVER index is a reliable tool to easily quantify DESH on CT scans of patients with suspected iNPH. Its high sensitivity and specificity should encourage further investigations in order to confirm its clinical utility.

A new quantitative method to assess disproportionately enlarged subarachnoid space (DESH) in patients with possible idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: The SILVER index

GAMBACCIANI, CARLO;AQUILA, FILIPPO;Di Carlo, Davide Tiziano;PERRINI, PAOLO
2017-01-01

Abstract

Objectives Preoperative diagnosis of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) remains challenging. Recently, the presence of disproportionally enlarged subarachnoid spaces and hydrocephalus (DESH) on diagnostic images has been linked to clinical improvement after ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement. In this study we describe a new quantitative method to assess DESH on CT scans and to evaluate its prognostic value. Patients and methods A multiplanar reconstruction software was used to retrospectively evaluate prospectively collected radiological data (CT scans) of 26 controls and 29 consecutive patients that underwent VP shunt placement for possible iNPH. The ratio between the areas of the sylvian fissure and the subarachnoid space at the vertex was calculated (SILVER index). The diagnostic accuracy of the SILVER index and the estimate of the best cut-point were assessed using ROC analysis. Results The mean value of the SILVER index was 11.52 ± 14.27 in the study group and 1.68 ± 0.98 in the control group (p-value < 0.0001). The area under the ROC curve for the SILVER index was 0.903 (95% CI 0.813–0.994). A cut-off value for the SILVER index of 3.75 was extrapolated with a sensitivity and specificity of 0.828 and 0.962 respectively. Conclusions The SILVER index is a reliable tool to easily quantify DESH on CT scans of patients with suspected iNPH. Its high sensitivity and specificity should encourage further investigations in order to confirm its clinical utility.
Benedetto, Nicola; Gambacciani, Carlo; Aquila, Filippo; Di Carlo, Davide Tiziano; Morganti, Riccardo; Perrini, Paolo
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/875654
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact