pH measuring and monitoring is fundamental to understand or control many chemical processes in biological, industrial or environmental fields. Potentiometric measurements by a glass electrode is the most common method to measure pH, although single-use paper strips are also widely used. Other methods include the use of hydrogen, quinhydron, and antimony electrodes, the imaging using pH-sensitive indicators such as dyes or proteins, and the use of ion-selective field effect transistor (ISFET). Due to the chemical reactivity of both sides of its 2D structure, nanometer thickness, high electron mobility, high reactivity to oxygen groups such as OH-, and ultrafast optical response, graphene has the potential to be used for the fabrication of nanoscale, wide-range, high-sensitivity and flexible pH sensors. This review describes how graphene, graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide can be used to fabricate pH-sensitive devices (e.g. solution-gated FETs, solid-gate FETs, electrochemical sensors, and pH-sensitive quantum dots). The various configurations are reported along with the advantages and current limitations.

Graphene-based devices for measuring pH

SALVO, PIETRO
Primo
;
MELAI, BERNARDO;CALISI, NICOLA;PAOLETTI, CLARA;KIRCHHAIN, ARNO;FUOCO, ROGER;DI FRANCESCO, FABIO
2018-01-01

Abstract

pH measuring and monitoring is fundamental to understand or control many chemical processes in biological, industrial or environmental fields. Potentiometric measurements by a glass electrode is the most common method to measure pH, although single-use paper strips are also widely used. Other methods include the use of hydrogen, quinhydron, and antimony electrodes, the imaging using pH-sensitive indicators such as dyes or proteins, and the use of ion-selective field effect transistor (ISFET). Due to the chemical reactivity of both sides of its 2D structure, nanometer thickness, high electron mobility, high reactivity to oxygen groups such as OH-, and ultrafast optical response, graphene has the potential to be used for the fabrication of nanoscale, wide-range, high-sensitivity and flexible pH sensors. This review describes how graphene, graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide can be used to fabricate pH-sensitive devices (e.g. solution-gated FETs, solid-gate FETs, electrochemical sensors, and pH-sensitive quantum dots). The various configurations are reported along with the advantages and current limitations.
Salvo, Pietro; Melai, Bernardo; Calisi, Nicola; Paoletti, Clara; Bellagambi, Francesca; Kirchhain, Arno; Trivella, M. G.; Fuoco, Roger; DI FRANCESCO, Fabio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/877044
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