Leveraging the unrivalled performance of optical clocks as key tools for geo-science, for astronomy and for fundamental physics beyond the standard model requires comparing the frequency of distant optical clocks faithfully. Here, we report on the comparison and agreement of two strontium optical clocks at an uncertainty of 5*10^-17 via a newly established phase-coherent frequency link connecting Paris and Braunschweig using 1415 km of telecom fibre. The remote comparison is limited only by the instability and uncertainty of the strontium lattice clocks themselves, with negligible contributions from the optical frequency transfer. A fractional precision of 3*10^-17 is reached after only 1000 s averaging time, which is already 10 times better and more than four orders of magnitude faster than any previous long-distance clock comparison. The capability of performing high resolution international clock comparisons paves the way for a redefinition of the unit of time and an all-optical dissemination of the SI-second.

A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science

Stefani, F.;
2016-01-01

Abstract

Leveraging the unrivalled performance of optical clocks as key tools for geo-science, for astronomy and for fundamental physics beyond the standard model requires comparing the frequency of distant optical clocks faithfully. Here, we report on the comparison and agreement of two strontium optical clocks at an uncertainty of 5*10^-17 via a newly established phase-coherent frequency link connecting Paris and Braunschweig using 1415 km of telecom fibre. The remote comparison is limited only by the instability and uncertainty of the strontium lattice clocks themselves, with negligible contributions from the optical frequency transfer. A fractional precision of 3*10^-17 is reached after only 1000 s averaging time, which is already 10 times better and more than four orders of magnitude faster than any previous long-distance clock comparison. The capability of performing high resolution international clock comparisons paves the way for a redefinition of the unit of time and an all-optical dissemination of the SI-second.
Lisdat, C.; Grosche, G.; Quintin, N.; Shi, C.; Raupach, S. M. F.; Grebing, C.; Nicolodi, D.; Stefani, F.; Al-masoudi, A.; Dã¶rscher, S.; Hã¤fner, S.; Robyr, J. -. L.; Chiodo, N.; Bilicki, S.; Bookjans, E.; Koczwara, A.; Koke, S.; Kuhl, A.; Wiotte, F.; Meynadier, F.; Camisard, E.; Abgrall, M.; Lours, M.; Legero, T.; Schnatz, H.; Sterr, U.; Denker, H.; Chardonnet, C.; Le Coq, Y.; Santarelli, G.; Amy-klein, A.; Le Targat, R.; Lodewyck, J.; Lopez, O.; Pottie, P. -. E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/877742
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