Hydatidosis is a zoonotic disease; human infection occurs through the consumption of food and water contaminated with the eggs of parasites of the Echinococcus type. While the liver is the most common site of infection, involvement of the musculoskeletal system is extremely rare. In the context of musculoskeletal involvement, the spine is the most commonly infected site, while the muscles are rarely infected and account for approximately <1% of cases. It has been suggested that muscles provide an unsuitable environment for the parasite, because of the presence of lactic acid. The cysts appear as slow-growing masses of soft tissue, and signs of inflammation and fistulization often coexist. We report a rare case of an hydatid cyst located in the vastus lateralis muscle of a 41-year-old man. Muscular echinococcosis is an extremely rare disease. A MRI evaluation should be taken into account as gold standard in the diagnosis. Surgical cystectomy is often indicated, and an excision with wide margins is mandatory to avoid the rupture of the cyst and anaphylaxis. Adjuvant pharmacological therapy is recommended to minimize the risk of recurrence.

Hydatid cyst in the vastus lateralis muscle: a case report

Capanna, Rodolfo
Ultimo
2017

Abstract

Hydatidosis is a zoonotic disease; human infection occurs through the consumption of food and water contaminated with the eggs of parasites of the Echinococcus type. While the liver is the most common site of infection, involvement of the musculoskeletal system is extremely rare. In the context of musculoskeletal involvement, the spine is the most commonly infected site, while the muscles are rarely infected and account for approximately <1% of cases. It has been suggested that muscles provide an unsuitable environment for the parasite, because of the presence of lactic acid. The cysts appear as slow-growing masses of soft tissue, and signs of inflammation and fistulization often coexist. We report a rare case of an hydatid cyst located in the vastus lateralis muscle of a 41-year-old man. Muscular echinococcosis is an extremely rare disease. A MRI evaluation should be taken into account as gold standard in the diagnosis. Surgical cystectomy is often indicated, and an excision with wide margins is mandatory to avoid the rupture of the cyst and anaphylaxis. Adjuvant pharmacological therapy is recommended to minimize the risk of recurrence.
Muratori, Francesco; De Gori, Marco; D'Arienzo, Antonio; Bettini, Leonardo; Roselli, Giuliana; Campanacci, Domenico Andrea; Capanna, Rodolfo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/893349
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