BACKGROUND: ABO-incompatible (ABO-i) liver transplantation (LT) is a high-risk procedure due to the potential for antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) and cell-mediated rejection. The aim of the current report is to illustrate the results of a retrospective comparison study on the use of immunomodulation with therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) associated to high-dose immunoglobulins (IVIg) and extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) in ABO-i adult LT patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 1996 and December 2005, 19 patients underwent ABO-i LT. The study was designed for a comparison between two groups of ABO-i LT. Group 1 (control group) consisted of 11 patients treated with TPE only. Group 2 (study group) included eight patients treated with TPE and IVIg. Moreover, all Group 2 patients received acute rejection prophylaxis with ECP. RESULTS: The graft survival at 6, 12, and 18 months was 63.6, 54.4, and 45.5% for Group 1 vs. 87.5, 87.5, and 87.5% for Group 2 (P < or = 0.001). In Group 1 there were 3(27.3%) cases of AMR; 5 (45.4%) biopsy-proven acute rejections (BPAR); 1 (9.1%) chronic rejection and 3 (27.3%) ischemic-type biliary lesions (ITBL). In Group 2 there were no cases of AMR, BPAR, chronic rejection, or ITBL (P = 0.013). CONCLUSION: At median follow-up of 568 days, TPE in combination with IVIg and ECP appears to protect the graft from AMR in ABO-i liver transplantation. Continued patient enrollment will allow validation of these preliminary observations or the opportunity to devise newer AMR-avoidance policies.

The role of immunomodulation in ABO-incompatible adult liver transplant recipients.

DE SIMONE, PAOLO
2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND: ABO-incompatible (ABO-i) liver transplantation (LT) is a high-risk procedure due to the potential for antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) and cell-mediated rejection. The aim of the current report is to illustrate the results of a retrospective comparison study on the use of immunomodulation with therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) associated to high-dose immunoglobulins (IVIg) and extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) in ABO-i adult LT patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 1996 and December 2005, 19 patients underwent ABO-i LT. The study was designed for a comparison between two groups of ABO-i LT. Group 1 (control group) consisted of 11 patients treated with TPE only. Group 2 (study group) included eight patients treated with TPE and IVIg. Moreover, all Group 2 patients received acute rejection prophylaxis with ECP. RESULTS: The graft survival at 6, 12, and 18 months was 63.6, 54.4, and 45.5% for Group 1 vs. 87.5, 87.5, and 87.5% for Group 2 (P < or = 0.001). In Group 1 there were 3(27.3%) cases of AMR; 5 (45.4%) biopsy-proven acute rejections (BPAR); 1 (9.1%) chronic rejection and 3 (27.3%) ischemic-type biliary lesions (ITBL). In Group 2 there were no cases of AMR, BPAR, chronic rejection, or ITBL (P = 0.013). CONCLUSION: At median follow-up of 568 days, TPE in combination with IVIg and ECP appears to protect the graft from AMR in ABO-i liver transplantation. Continued patient enrollment will allow validation of these preliminary observations or the opportunity to devise newer AMR-avoidance policies.
DE SIMONE, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/893364
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