We present a quantum mechanical model for the calculation of the excitonic splitting of conjugated molecu- lar materials; both short- and long-range interchain effects are explicitly included. The model is based on the time-dependent (TD) density functional approach and it introduces the effects of the proximate molecular systems in a perturbative framework. The new important aspect of our model is that both the single chain properties and the interchain effects are evaluated in the presence of an embedding environment which is modeled to mimic the dielectric interactions of the distant chains. This environment is here approximated with a continuum anisotropic dielectric. Such anisotropy is introduced to take into account the different dielectric properties of crystals (or films) of conjugated molecular systems along and perpendicular to the direction of the chains. In the model the dielectric environment is directly introduced in the quantum-mechanical equations through proper operators to be added to the Hamiltonian. An application to oligomers of polyacetylene quan- tifies the relative importance of the adjacent chains as well as of the dielectric medium showing the funda- mental role played by the latter toward a direct comparison with experimental data.
|Autori:||MENNUCCI B; J. TOMASI AND R. CAMMI|
|Titolo:||Excitonic splitting in polymeric materials: a quantum-mechanical model including interchain interactions and dielectric effects|
|Anno del prodotto:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevB.70.205212|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|