Venous distensibility, forearm blood flow (FBF, plethysmographic technique), systemic blood pressure (BP), and derived forearm vascular resistances were measured in 11 borderline-mild hypertensive, otherwise healthy male subjects for a 24-h period during either placebo or transdermally delivered nitroglycerin (NTG 10 mg/24 h). The drug caused arteriolar and venular forearm vasodilation and hypotension which, although persisting throughout the 24-h observation period, reached an apparent maximum during the first hours but later tended to wane. Since NTG plasma levels were constant at that time, the data may suggest development of vascular hyporesponsiveness during continuous exposure to NTG. Venous hematocrit (Hct) decreased during transdermal NTG, indicating the plasma volume expanding action of the drug, apparently dissociated from vasodilation per se. Because no significant changes in either plasma norepinephrine (NE) or plasma renin activity occurred in these subjects, counterregulatory sympathetic or angiotensin II (AII)-mediated vasoconstriction was probably not involved in the hemodynamic action of transdermally delivered NTG.

Regional and systemic hemodynamic and humoral effects of transdermal nitroglycerin in mild hypertension.

PEDRINELLI, ROBERTO;
1989

Abstract

Venous distensibility, forearm blood flow (FBF, plethysmographic technique), systemic blood pressure (BP), and derived forearm vascular resistances were measured in 11 borderline-mild hypertensive, otherwise healthy male subjects for a 24-h period during either placebo or transdermally delivered nitroglycerin (NTG 10 mg/24 h). The drug caused arteriolar and venular forearm vasodilation and hypotension which, although persisting throughout the 24-h observation period, reached an apparent maximum during the first hours but later tended to wane. Since NTG plasma levels were constant at that time, the data may suggest development of vascular hyporesponsiveness during continuous exposure to NTG. Venous hematocrit (Hct) decreased during transdermal NTG, indicating the plasma volume expanding action of the drug, apparently dissociated from vasodilation per se. Because no significant changes in either plasma norepinephrine (NE) or plasma renin activity occurred in these subjects, counterregulatory sympathetic or angiotensin II (AII)-mediated vasoconstriction was probably not involved in the hemodynamic action of transdermally delivered NTG.
Pedrinelli, Roberto; Graziadei, L; Panarace, G; Duranti, P; Motolese, M; Salvetti, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/9115
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