Abstract The purpose of this study is to review the role of the percutaneous interventional procedures in the treatment of vascular complications after orthotopic liver transplantations (OLT). Vascular complications, such as arterial stenosis and venous thrombosis, which occur in approximately 1% to 10% of liver transplant patients, are associated with a higher risk of graft dysfunction. Percutaneous interventional procedures, including angioplasty, local thrombolysis, and embolization, are useful to manage these complications. A reduced blood loss and a low incidence of procedural complications allow for rapid recovery. Hepatic arterial and portal vein anastomotic stenosis can be treated effectively by means of balloon dilation; stenting has also been proposed, particularly for venous complications. Infusional local thrombolysis may be useful in venous thrombosis. Arteriovenous fistulas, occurring at the level of the anastomosis or after liver biopsy, require intraarterial embolization using microcoils or gelfoam. Timing of the intervention for the treatment of ischemic complications is of outmost importance to guarantee liver functional recovery and avoid irreversible parenchymal injuries. Other interventional procedures may be extremely useful to manage portal hypertension after OLT; for example, by creation of transjugular portosystemic shunts, or, in the case of associated hypersplenism, transarterial embolization of the splenic artery. Finally, in patients with recurrent hepatitis, the transjugular approach has been shown to be safe and effective for liver biopsy, whereas transarterial chemoembolization may be extremely useful to treat recurrent hepatocarcinoma.
|Autori:||VIGNALI C; CIONI R; PETRUZZI P; CICORELLI A; BARGELLINI I; PERRI M; URBANI L; FILIPPONI F; BARTOLOZZI C|
|Titolo:||Role of interventional radiology in the management of vascular complications after liver transplantation|
|Anno del prodotto:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|