Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) type 2 is identified by the presence in the serum of anti-liver/kidney microsome type 1 autoantibody. Anti-liver cytosol autoantibody has been reported in children with autoimmune liver disorders mostly in association with anti-liver/kidney microsome reactivity. However, its role as a sole marker of AIH type 2 is debated. We describe here a series of 18 children and adolescents (15 girls, 3 boys) with AIH with serum anti-liver cytosol type 1 (aLC1) as the only autoimmune marker. A retrospective review was conducted from 3 pediatric hepatology units of all children with an autoimmune liver disease associated with aLC1 as found by immunofluorescence and/or immunodiffusion or immunoblotting. Age at first symptoms ranged from 11 months to 14 years; 12 children presented with acute hepatitis, 1 with progressive jaundice, and 5 were asymptomatic. Anti-liver/kidney microsome, antimitochondria, and anti-actin autoantibodies were not detected. Signs of cirrhosis were present in 11 children. Immunosuppressive treatment was effective in all except 2 children who had subfulminant hepatic failure and who required liver transplantation. Sixteen patients (14 with their native liver) currently are alive; 14 patients still are on immunosuppressive therapy after 1 to 22 years. According to the international scoring system for the diagnosis of AIH, 16 patients corresponded to a definite diagnosis and 2 corresponded to a probable diagnosis. In conclusion, the presence of aLC1 in children with acute or chronic liver disease of unknown origin strongly supports a diagnosis of AIH and is an indication for early immunosuppressive therapy.
|Autori interni:||MAGGIORE, GIUSEPPE|
|Autori:||BRIDOUX-HENNO L; MAGGIORE G; JOHANET C; FABRE M; VAJRO P; DOMMERGUES JP; REINERT P; BERNARD O.|
|Titolo:||Features and outcome of autoimmune hepatitis type 2 presenting with isolated positivity for anti-liver cytosol antibody|
|Anno del prodotto:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|