The contact angle of a drop in equilibrium on a solid is strongly affected by the roughness of the surface on which it rests. We study the roughness-induced enhancement of the hydrophobic or hydrophilic properties of a solid surface through homogenization theory. By relying on a variational formulation of the problem, we show that the macroscopic contact angle is associated with the solution of two cell problems, giving the minimal energy per unit macroscopic area for a transition layer between the rough solid surface and a liquid or vapour phase. Our results are valid for both chemically heterogeneous and homogeneous surfaces. In the latter case, a very transparent structure emerges from the variational approach: the classical laws of Wenzel and Cassie–Baxter give bounds for the optimal energy, and configurations of minimal energy are those leading to the smallest macroscopic contact angle in the hydrophobic case, to the largest one in the hydrophilic case.
|Autori interni:||ALBERTI, GIOVANNI|
|Autori:||ALBERTI G; DE SIMONE A.|
|Titolo:||Wetting of rough surfaces: a homogenization approach|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1098/rspa.2004.1364|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|