Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) contribute to ischemic tissue repair by paracrine secretion up-regulated by hypoxia. In this study we use novel nanoparticles (NPs) as carriers for a controlled release of EPC secretome (CM) to improve their angiogenic properties. The in vivo effect in ischemic hindlimb rat model was evaluated, comparing hypoxic EPC-CM-NPs with hypoxic EPC-CM alone. A proteomic characterization of hypoxic CM and the in vitro effect on endothelial cells (HUVECs) were also performed. Up to 647 protein, 17 of which with angiogenic properties, were upregulated by hypoxia. Moreover, hypoxic EPC-CM significantly promoted capillary-like structures on Matrigel. A significant increase of blood perfusion in ischemic limbs at 2 weeks with EPC-CM-loaded NPs as compared to both EPC-CM and control and a significant increase of capillary formation were observed. The use of EPC-CM-NPs significantly improved neoangiogenesis in vivo, underlining the advantages of controlled release in regenerative medicine.

Endothelial progenitor cell secretome delivered by novel polymeric nanoparticles in ischemic hindlimb

Felice, Francesca
Primo
;
Piras, Anna Maria;Barsotti, Maria Chiara;Santoni, Tatiana;Chiellini, Federica;Solaro, Roberto;Altomare, Angelina;Cecchettini, Antonella;Di Stefano, Rossella
Ultimo
2018-01-01

Abstract

Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) contribute to ischemic tissue repair by paracrine secretion up-regulated by hypoxia. In this study we use novel nanoparticles (NPs) as carriers for a controlled release of EPC secretome (CM) to improve their angiogenic properties. The in vivo effect in ischemic hindlimb rat model was evaluated, comparing hypoxic EPC-CM-NPs with hypoxic EPC-CM alone. A proteomic characterization of hypoxic CM and the in vitro effect on endothelial cells (HUVECs) were also performed. Up to 647 protein, 17 of which with angiogenic properties, were upregulated by hypoxia. Moreover, hypoxic EPC-CM significantly promoted capillary-like structures on Matrigel. A significant increase of blood perfusion in ischemic limbs at 2 weeks with EPC-CM-loaded NPs as compared to both EPC-CM and control and a significant increase of capillary formation were observed. The use of EPC-CM-NPs significantly improved neoangiogenesis in vivo, underlining the advantages of controlled release in regenerative medicine.
Felice, Francesca; Piras, Anna Maria; Rocchiccioli, Silvia; Barsotti, Maria Chiara; Santoni, Tatiana; Pucci, Angela; Burchielli, Silvia; Chiellini, Federica; Ucciferri, Nadia; Solaro, Roberto; Altomare, Angelina; Cecchettini, Antonella; Di Stefano, Rossella
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/919511
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