Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality, and approximately 80% of cases are non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recently, the incidence of NSCLC has been quickly increasing, while the age of patients at diagnosis is decreasing. To date, it is still controversial whether younger patients have better or worse outcomes compared with their older counterparts. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been defined to play a key role in cancer pathogenesis, and their aberrant expression has been suggested as a potential biomarker of prognosis in lung adenocarcinoma. To understand the molecular features of young and old adenocarcinoma patients, we investigated the expression level of a panel of miRNAs selected after a mini-literature review. The expression analysis was performed by the nCounter System® (NanoString Technologies) directly on RNA, including small RNAs. The analysis revealed that 7 miRNAs (miR-25-3p, miR-29c-3p, miR-33a-5p, miR-144-3p, miR-153-3p, miR-342-5p and miR-485-3p) were differentially expressed in the two groups (P<0.05). All of these miRNAs showed higher expression levels in young compared to old patients, and their predicted targets included EGFR, MET, VEGF-A, TP53 and PDGFRa. miR-144-3p had an opposite influence on overall survival since its upregulation was associated with a worse prognosis in young patients (P=0.01) and with a better outcome in the older group (P=0.03). We observed that lung cancer in young and old patients may be influenced by different regulatory mechanisms. Moreover, one of the down-regulated miRNAs showed a different prognostic impact in the two groups, confirming that young and old patients deserve a specific clinical approach.

Differential microRNA expression profiles between young and old lung adenocarcinoma patients.

Giordano M;Boldrini L
;
Servadio A;Niccoli C;Melfi F;Lucchi M;Mussi A;Fontanini G.
2018

Abstract

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality, and approximately 80% of cases are non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recently, the incidence of NSCLC has been quickly increasing, while the age of patients at diagnosis is decreasing. To date, it is still controversial whether younger patients have better or worse outcomes compared with their older counterparts. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been defined to play a key role in cancer pathogenesis, and their aberrant expression has been suggested as a potential biomarker of prognosis in lung adenocarcinoma. To understand the molecular features of young and old adenocarcinoma patients, we investigated the expression level of a panel of miRNAs selected after a mini-literature review. The expression analysis was performed by the nCounter System® (NanoString Technologies) directly on RNA, including small RNAs. The analysis revealed that 7 miRNAs (miR-25-3p, miR-29c-3p, miR-33a-5p, miR-144-3p, miR-153-3p, miR-342-5p and miR-485-3p) were differentially expressed in the two groups (P<0.05). All of these miRNAs showed higher expression levels in young compared to old patients, and their predicted targets included EGFR, MET, VEGF-A, TP53 and PDGFRa. miR-144-3p had an opposite influence on overall survival since its upregulation was associated with a worse prognosis in young patients (P=0.01) and with a better outcome in the older group (P=0.03). We observed that lung cancer in young and old patients may be influenced by different regulatory mechanisms. Moreover, one of the down-regulated miRNAs showed a different prognostic impact in the two groups, confirming that young and old patients deserve a specific clinical approach.
Giordano, M; Boldrini, L; Servadio, A; Niccoli, C; Melfi, F; Lucchi, M; Mussi, A; Fontanini, G.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
ajtr0010-0892.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione finale editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 489.72 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
489.72 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/922232
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 11
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact