Infection of diabetic foot represents one of the most serious complications of diabetes. Deep infections of the foot, due to the compartment structure of the foot, can cause severe infective compartment syndromes that pose the diabetic patient to very high risk of major amputation and sepsis. The treatment of choice of this severe infective condition is represented by an aggressive surgical debridement with the aim to drainage pus and to remove infective and non vital tissue. Surgical debridement has to be performed as soon as possible since any delay corresponds to an increase of the risk of major amputation and death for sepsis. In case of concomitant severe peripheral vascular disease any revascularisation procedures, surgical or endoluminal, have to be performer once the local and systemic infection has been controlled.
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