The object of this work was to compare the efficacy of antibiotic combinations including ceftriaxone with that of combinations including an antipseudomonal beta-lactam for the empirical treatment of febrile neutropenia in cancer patients. We identified all published randomised trials comparing two antibiotic combinations differing only in the beta-lactam, being ceftriaxone in one treatment group and an antipseudomonal beta-lactam in the other. The quality of individual trials was formally evaluated. A meta-analysis was performed using the Peto-modified Mantel-Haenszel method for combining binary data. Primary analysis was done, for both febrile episodes and bacteraemic episodes, using failure of empirical antibiotic treatment defined as modification of the initial allocated regimen or death during treatment. Secondary analysis was done using death from any cause in the two treatment groups. Data relating to 1,537 febrile neutropenic episodes recorded in eight randomised clinical trial were pooled s. Overall, there were 256 treatment failures out of 782 febrile episodes treated with ceftriaxone-containing combinations (32.7%), and 243 out of 755 treated with antipseudomonal beta-lactam regimens (32.1%). The pooled odds ratio of failure for ceftriaxone-containing combinations for febrile episodes was 1.04, with the 95% confidence interval ranging from 0.84 to 1.29, and that for bacteraemic episodes was 0.93 (95% confidence interval 0.58-1.49). With regard to overall mortality, there were 54 deaths among 782 febrile episodes treated with ceftriaxone-containing combinations (6.9%) and 62 deaths among 755 febrile episodes treated with antipseudomonal beta-lactam-containing regimens (8.2%). The pooled odds ratio of death for ceftriaxone regimens was 0.84 (95% confidence interval 0.57-1.24). Results of this meta-analysis show that in the empirical treatment of febrile neutropenia, antibiotic combinations containing ceftriaxone are as effective as those in which the beta-lactam has specific activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, such as ureidopenicillin or ceftazidime.
|Autori:||Furno, P; Dionisi, M S; Bucaneve, G; Menichetti, F; Del Favero, A|
|Titolo:||Ceftriaxone versus beta-lactams with antipseudomonal activity for empirical, combined antibiotic therapy in febrile neutropenia: a meta-analysis|
|Anno del prodotto:||2000|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|