Fosfomycin is a molecule that inhibits the early stage of peptidoglycan synthesis and shows a broad-spectrum bactericidal activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Using the Killing-curve method, we tested the in vitro bactericidal activity of fosfomycin alone or in combination with vancomycin or teicoplanin at a concentration of 8 microg/mL, that is easily achievable in serum at standard dosing regimens, against seven methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains, isolated from patients with well documented device-associated infections unresponsive to or relapsing after glycopeptide therapy. MICs of vancomycin ranged from 1 to 4 microg/mL, MICs of teicoplanin from 2 to 8 microg/mL; MICs of fosfomycin were 8 microg/mL for two strains and >128 microg/mL for the remaining strains. The seven strains proved tolerant when tested for vancomycin and teicoplanin used alone at 2x MIC concentration. Fosfomycin was bactericidal (reduction of 2 log of the inoculum) only against the two susceptible strains. In all cases both vancomycin and teicoplanin in combination with fosfomycin developed bactericidal synergism already at a concentration of 1x MIC. If these results are confirmed by in vivo experiments, the combination of fosfomycin with glycopeptides might be useful for treating device-associated infections, and in preventing the phenomenon of increasing MICs for glycopeptides.
|Autori:||Pistella, E; Falcone, Marco; Baiocchi, Pia; Pompeo, MARIA ELENA; Pierciaccante, A; Penni, Adrio; Venditti, Mario|
|Titolo:||In vitro activity of fosfomycin in combination with vancomycin or teicoplanin against Staphylococcus aureus isolated from device-associated infections unresponsive to glycopeptide therapy|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|