A cascade strategy for the catalytic valorization of aqueous solutions of levulinic acid as well as of γ-valerolactone to 2-methyltetrahydrofuran or to monoalcohols, 2-butanol and 2-pentanol, has been studied and optimized. Only commercial catalytic systems have been employed, adopting sustainable reaction conditions. For the first time, the combined use of ruthenium and rhenium catalysts supported on carbon, with niobium phosphate as acid co-catalyst, has been claimed for the hydrogenation of γ-valerolactone and levulinic acid, addressing the selectivity to 2-methyltetrahydrofuran. On the other hand, the use of zeolite HY with commercial Ru/C catalyst favors the selective production of 2-butanol, starting again from γ-valerolactone and levulinic acid, with selectivities up to 80 and 70 mol %, respectively. Both levulinic acid and γ-valerolactone hydrogenation reactions have been optimized, investigating the effect of the main reaction parameters, to properly tune the catalytic performances towards the desired products. The proper choice of both the catalytic system and the reaction conditions can smartly switch the process towards the selective production of 2-methyltetrahydrofuran or monoalcohols. The catalytic system [Ru/C + zeolite HY] at 200 °C and 3 MPa H2is able to completely convert both γ-valerolactone and levulinic acid, with overall yields to monoalcohols of 100 mol % and 88.8 mol %, respectively.

Cascade strategy for the tunable catalytic valorization of levulinic acid and γ-valerolactone to 2-methyltetrahydrofuran and alcohols

Licursi, Domenico;Antonetti, Claudia;Fulignati, Sara;Raspolli Galletti, Anna Maria
2018-01-01

Abstract

A cascade strategy for the catalytic valorization of aqueous solutions of levulinic acid as well as of γ-valerolactone to 2-methyltetrahydrofuran or to monoalcohols, 2-butanol and 2-pentanol, has been studied and optimized. Only commercial catalytic systems have been employed, adopting sustainable reaction conditions. For the first time, the combined use of ruthenium and rhenium catalysts supported on carbon, with niobium phosphate as acid co-catalyst, has been claimed for the hydrogenation of γ-valerolactone and levulinic acid, addressing the selectivity to 2-methyltetrahydrofuran. On the other hand, the use of zeolite HY with commercial Ru/C catalyst favors the selective production of 2-butanol, starting again from γ-valerolactone and levulinic acid, with selectivities up to 80 and 70 mol %, respectively. Both levulinic acid and γ-valerolactone hydrogenation reactions have been optimized, investigating the effect of the main reaction parameters, to properly tune the catalytic performances towards the desired products. The proper choice of both the catalytic system and the reaction conditions can smartly switch the process towards the selective production of 2-methyltetrahydrofuran or monoalcohols. The catalytic system [Ru/C + zeolite HY] at 200 °C and 3 MPa H2is able to completely convert both γ-valerolactone and levulinic acid, with overall yields to monoalcohols of 100 mol % and 88.8 mol %, respectively.
2018
Licursi, Domenico; Antonetti, Claudia; Fulignati, Sara; Giannoni, Michael; Raspolli Galletti, Anna Maria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/929886
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