The development of rapid diagnostic assays for the identification and analysis of antimicrobial resistance of fungal pathogens causing invasive mycoses is of utmost importance to reduce morbidity and mortality. We evaluated the performance of a novel rapid procedure directly applied to monomicrobial blood cultures from patients with bloodstream infection caused by yeast species, including nine Candida and three non-Candida species. For the rapid procedure herein developed, samples of positive blood cultures were transferred into serum separator tubes and treated with sodium dodecyl sulfate; the yeast layer was recovered and directly used for microbial identification by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and antifungal susceptibility testing (AFST) by the Sensititre YeastOne Y010 panel. The results were compared with those obtained by the same methods applied to colonies isolated on solid media. Using a score value of 1.700 as cut-off for valid identification, the rapid procedure identified 66 of 124 (53.2%) isolates, all of which concordantly with the reference method. However, adopting a cut-off ≥1.300 and ≥4 consecutive repetitions of the same species in the list of matches would extend concordant identification to 107/124 (86.3%) samples. Importantly, AFST revealed essential agreement between the two methods for all the isolate/antifungal drug combinations tested, including misidentified and not identified isolates. Therefore, the procedure herein developed represents a valid alternative for AFST of yeasts from positive blood cultures, yielding accurate and reliable results at least 24 h earlier than with the routine procedure, thus allowing clinicians to promptly streamline antifungal therapy.

A Rapid Procedure for Identification and Antifungal Susceptibility Testing of Yeasts From Positive Blood Cultures

Alessandra Vecchione
Primo
;
Walter Florio
Secondo
;
Francesco Celandroni;Antonella Lupetti
Penultimo
;
Emilia Ghelardi
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

The development of rapid diagnostic assays for the identification and analysis of antimicrobial resistance of fungal pathogens causing invasive mycoses is of utmost importance to reduce morbidity and mortality. We evaluated the performance of a novel rapid procedure directly applied to monomicrobial blood cultures from patients with bloodstream infection caused by yeast species, including nine Candida and three non-Candida species. For the rapid procedure herein developed, samples of positive blood cultures were transferred into serum separator tubes and treated with sodium dodecyl sulfate; the yeast layer was recovered and directly used for microbial identification by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and antifungal susceptibility testing (AFST) by the Sensititre YeastOne Y010 panel. The results were compared with those obtained by the same methods applied to colonies isolated on solid media. Using a score value of 1.700 as cut-off for valid identification, the rapid procedure identified 66 of 124 (53.2%) isolates, all of which concordantly with the reference method. However, adopting a cut-off ≥1.300 and ≥4 consecutive repetitions of the same species in the list of matches would extend concordant identification to 107/124 (86.3%) samples. Importantly, AFST revealed essential agreement between the two methods for all the isolate/antifungal drug combinations tested, including misidentified and not identified isolates. Therefore, the procedure herein developed represents a valid alternative for AFST of yeasts from positive blood cultures, yielding accurate and reliable results at least 24 h earlier than with the routine procedure, thus allowing clinicians to promptly streamline antifungal therapy.
Vecchione, Alessandra; Florio, Walter; Celandroni, Francesco; Barnini, Simona; Lupetti, Antonella; Ghelardi, Emilia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/932629
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