In the mouse telencephalon, DIx homeobox transcription factors are essential for the tangential migration of subpallial-derived GABAergic interneurons to neocortex. However, the mechanisms underlying this process are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that DIx1/2 has a central role in restraining neurite growth of subpallial-derived immature interneurons at a stage when they migrate tangentially to cortex. In DIx1(-/-);DIx(2-/-) mutants, neurite length is increased and cells fail to migrate. In DIx1(-/-); DIx2(+/-) mutants, while the tangential migration of immature interneurons appears normal, they develop dendritic and axonal processes with increased length and decreased branching, and have deficits in their neocortical laminar positions. Thus, DIx1/2 is required for coordinating programs of neurite maturation and migration. In this regard, we provide genetic evidence that in immature interneurons DIx1/2 repression of the p21-activated serine/threonine kinase PAK3, a downstream effector of the Rho family of GTPases, is critical in restraining neurite growth and promoting tangential migration.

Dlx transcription factors promote migration through repression of axon and dendrite growth

Borello U;
2007

Abstract

In the mouse telencephalon, DIx homeobox transcription factors are essential for the tangential migration of subpallial-derived GABAergic interneurons to neocortex. However, the mechanisms underlying this process are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that DIx1/2 has a central role in restraining neurite growth of subpallial-derived immature interneurons at a stage when they migrate tangentially to cortex. In DIx1(-/-);DIx(2-/-) mutants, neurite length is increased and cells fail to migrate. In DIx1(-/-); DIx2(+/-) mutants, while the tangential migration of immature interneurons appears normal, they develop dendritic and axonal processes with increased length and decreased branching, and have deficits in their neocortical laminar positions. Thus, DIx1/2 is required for coordinating programs of neurite maturation and migration. In this regard, we provide genetic evidence that in immature interneurons DIx1/2 repression of the p21-activated serine/threonine kinase PAK3, a downstream effector of the Rho family of GTPases, is critical in restraining neurite growth and promoting tangential migration.
Cobos, I; Borello, U; Rubenstein, Jlr
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/932984
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