We study the deconfinement transition of hadronic matter into quark matter in neutron star conditions in the light of color superconductivity. Deconfinement is considered to be a first order phase transition that conserves color and flavor. It gives a short-lived (tau similar to tau(weak)) transitory colorless-quark-phase that is not in beta-equilibrium. We deduce the equations governing deconfinement when quark pairing is allowed and find the regions of the parameter space (pairing gap Delta versus bag constant B) where deconfinement is possible inside cold neutron stars. We show that for a wide region of (B,Delta) a pairing pattern is reachable within a strong interaction timescale, and the resulting "2SC-like" phase is preferred energetically to the unpaired phase. We also show that although beta-stable hybrid star configurations are known to be possible for a wide region of the (B,Delta)-space, many of these configurations could not form in practice because deconfinement is forbidden, i.e. the here studied non-beta-stable intermediate state cannot be reached.
|Autori interni:||BOMBACI, IGNAZIO|
|Autori:||Lugones G; Bombaci I|
|Titolo:||Deconfinement and color superconductivity in cold neutron stars|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevD.72.065021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|