Some years ago we proposed an automated reflectometric method to measure the director azimuthal angle at the interface between a nematic liquid crystal and another medium. The method ensures a great accuracy and sensitivity and is virtually unaffected by the presence of a director bulk distortion. This latter property makes it possible to measure strong anchoring energies. In the present experiment, we use this method to measure the azimuthal anchoring energy at the interface between the nematic liquid crystal 4-pentyl-4(')-cyanobiphenyl (5CB) and a rubbed polyimide layer. This kind of interface is characterized by a strong azimuthal anchoring and, thus, it represents a good test for the proposed reflectometric method. An ac planar electric field is applied to a nematic layer and the consequent azimuthal rotation of the director at the interface is measured. The anchoring energy coefficient W-a at room temperature is strong (W-a=0.33x10(-3) J/m(2)) and decreases greatly as the clearing temperature is approached. The time response of the azimuthal surface director angle to a stepwise electric field evidences the characteristic slow dynamics which is currently observed for weak anchoring substrates.
|Autori interni:||FAETTI, SANDRO|
|Autori:||Faetti S; Marianelli P|
|Titolo:||Strong azimuthal anchoring energy at a nematic-polyimide interface|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevE.72.051708|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|