The increasing penetration of intermittent and aleatory RES such as photovoltaics and wind power poses new challenges in terms of grid stabilization. Surplus electric energy needs to be stored, if not curtailed. From this point of view, chemical storage can pave the way for a long-term shift between demand and production, together with sector interconnection. Hydrogen as an energy vector has been deeply studied but it has difficulties in asserting itself due to its low energy density at environmental conditions and lack of infrastructure. In previous papers, an innovative plant for the conversion of biomass and fluctuating electric power into substitute natural gas and stable electricity has been designed and analysed in terms of its overall performances. The adoption of an electrolyser for hydrogen production allows to use part of the oxygen for the biomass gasification and the syngas oxy-combustion. The resulting combustion products have high carbon dioxide concentration, which avoids energy consuming separation equipment. This paper analyses in detail the plant performances in terms of energetic and exergetic efficiencies, components by components. The plant is simulated with the commercial software AspenONE® V9. Losses allocation and optimum operating conditions are identified. The proposed heat recovery strategies allow consistent energy savings, making this plant competitive with other energy storage conversion devices in terms of energy efficiency.

Energetic and exergetic analysis of an innovative plant for the production of electricity and substitute natural gas

BARGIACCHI, ELEONORA;Frigo, Stefano;
2018

Abstract

The increasing penetration of intermittent and aleatory RES such as photovoltaics and wind power poses new challenges in terms of grid stabilization. Surplus electric energy needs to be stored, if not curtailed. From this point of view, chemical storage can pave the way for a long-term shift between demand and production, together with sector interconnection. Hydrogen as an energy vector has been deeply studied but it has difficulties in asserting itself due to its low energy density at environmental conditions and lack of infrastructure. In previous papers, an innovative plant for the conversion of biomass and fluctuating electric power into substitute natural gas and stable electricity has been designed and analysed in terms of its overall performances. The adoption of an electrolyser for hydrogen production allows to use part of the oxygen for the biomass gasification and the syngas oxy-combustion. The resulting combustion products have high carbon dioxide concentration, which avoids energy consuming separation equipment. This paper analyses in detail the plant performances in terms of energetic and exergetic efficiencies, components by components. The plant is simulated with the commercial software AspenONE® V9. Losses allocation and optimum operating conditions are identified. The proposed heat recovery strategies allow consistent energy savings, making this plant competitive with other energy storage conversion devices in terms of energy efficiency.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/937866
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