AIMS: Synthetic meshes are the long-standing choice for the clinical treatment of abdominal wall hernias: the associated long-term complications have stimulated the development of a new-generation of bio-resorbable prostheses. In this work, polycaprolactone (PCL) porous membranes prepared by solvent casting/porogen leaching of PCL/poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) blends with different compositions (different PCL/PEG weight ratio and PEG molecular weight) were investigated to be applied in the field. An optimal porous membrane structure was selected based on the evaluation of physicochemical, biomechanical and in-vitro biological properties, compared to a reference commercially available hernia mesh (CMC). FINDINGS: Selected PCL7-2i membranes (derived from PCL/PEG 70/30, PCL: Mw 70,000-90,000 Da; PEG: 35,000 Da) showed suitable pore size for the application, intermediate surface hydrophilicity and biomimetic mechanical properties. In-vitro cell tests performed on PCL7-2i membranes showed their cytocompatibility, high cell growth during 21 days, a reduced production of pro-inflammatory IL-6 respect to CMC and a significant secretion of Collagen Type I. CONCLUSIONS: PCL7-2i membranes showed biomimetic biomechanical properties and in-vitro biological properties similar to or even better than - in the case of anti-inflammatory behavior and collagen production - CMC, a commercially available product, suggesting potentially improved integration in the host tissue.

Integration of Biomechanical and Biological Characterization in the Development of Porous Poly(Caprolactone)-Based Membranes for Abdominal Wall Hernia Treatment.

Claudio Domenici;Antonella Cecchettini;Giovanni Vozzi;Carmelo De Maria;Francesca Montemurro;Gianluca Ciardelli;
2018

Abstract

AIMS: Synthetic meshes are the long-standing choice for the clinical treatment of abdominal wall hernias: the associated long-term complications have stimulated the development of a new-generation of bio-resorbable prostheses. In this work, polycaprolactone (PCL) porous membranes prepared by solvent casting/porogen leaching of PCL/poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) blends with different compositions (different PCL/PEG weight ratio and PEG molecular weight) were investigated to be applied in the field. An optimal porous membrane structure was selected based on the evaluation of physicochemical, biomechanical and in-vitro biological properties, compared to a reference commercially available hernia mesh (CMC). FINDINGS: Selected PCL7-2i membranes (derived from PCL/PEG 70/30, PCL: Mw 70,000-90,000 Da; PEG: 35,000 Da) showed suitable pore size for the application, intermediate surface hydrophilicity and biomimetic mechanical properties. In-vitro cell tests performed on PCL7-2i membranes showed their cytocompatibility, high cell growth during 21 days, a reduced production of pro-inflammatory IL-6 respect to CMC and a significant secretion of Collagen Type I. CONCLUSIONS: PCL7-2i membranes showed biomimetic biomechanical properties and in-vitro biological properties similar to or even better than - in the case of anti-inflammatory behavior and collagen production - CMC, a commercially available product, suggesting potentially improved integration in the host tissue.
Vozzi, Federico; Nardo, Tiziana; Guerrazzi, Ilenia; Domenici, Claudio; Rocchiccioli, Silvia; Cecchettini, Antonella; Comelli, Laura; Vozzi, Giovanni; DE MARIA, Carmelo; Montemurro, Francesca; Ciardelli, Gianluca; Chiono, Valeria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/937899
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