BACKGROUND: The implantation of flow-diverter stents for the treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms required further investigation. PURPOSE: Our aim was to analyze the outcomes after flow diversion of ruptured intracranial aneurysms. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of 3 databases was performed for studies published from 2006 to 2018. STUDY SELECTION: According to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, we included studies (from 2010 to 2018) reporting acutely ruptured intracranial aneurysms treated with flow diversion. DATA ANALYSIS: Random-effects meta-analysis was used to pool the following: aneurysm occlusion rate, complications, rebleeding, and factors influencing the studied outcomes. DATA SYNTHESIS: We included 20 studies evaluating 223 patients with acutely ruptured intracranial aneurysms treated with flow-diverter stents. Immediate angiographic occlusion was obtained in 32% (29/86; 95% CI, 15.4%- 48%; I2 79.6%) of aneurysms, whereas long-term complete/near-complete aneurysm occlusion was 88.9% (162/189; 95% CI, 84%-93.5%; I2 20.9%) (mean radiologic follow-up of 9.6 months). The treatment-related complication rate was 17.8% (42/223; 95% CI, 11%-24%; I2 52.6%). Complications were higher in the posterior circulation (16/72 27%; 95% CI, 14%- 40%; I2 66% versus 18/149 11.7%; 95% CI, 7%-16%; I2 0%) (P .004) and after treatment with multiple stents (14/52 26%; 95% CI, 14%- 45%; I2 59%) compared with a single stent (20/141 10%; 95% CI, 5%-15%; I2 0%) (P .004). Aneurysm rebleeding after treatment was 4% (5/223; 95% CI, 1.8%-7%; I2 0%) and was higher in the first 72 hours. LIMITATIONS: Small and retrospective series. CONCLUSIONS: Flow-diversion treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms yields a high rate of long-term angiographic occlusion with a relatively low rate of aneurysm rebleeding. However, treatment is associated with a complication rate of 18%. When coiling or microsurgical clipping are not feasible strategies, anterior circulation ruptured aneurysms can be effectively treated with a flow-diversion technique, minimizing the number of stents deployed. Given the 27% rate of complications, flow diversion for ruptured posterior circulation aneurysms should be considered only in selected cases not amenable to other treatments.

Acutely ruptured intracranial aneurysms treated with flow-diverter stents: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Cagnazzo, F.;Di Carlo, D. T.;Perrini, P.
2018-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The implantation of flow-diverter stents for the treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms required further investigation. PURPOSE: Our aim was to analyze the outcomes after flow diversion of ruptured intracranial aneurysms. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of 3 databases was performed for studies published from 2006 to 2018. STUDY SELECTION: According to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, we included studies (from 2010 to 2018) reporting acutely ruptured intracranial aneurysms treated with flow diversion. DATA ANALYSIS: Random-effects meta-analysis was used to pool the following: aneurysm occlusion rate, complications, rebleeding, and factors influencing the studied outcomes. DATA SYNTHESIS: We included 20 studies evaluating 223 patients with acutely ruptured intracranial aneurysms treated with flow-diverter stents. Immediate angiographic occlusion was obtained in 32% (29/86; 95% CI, 15.4%- 48%; I2 79.6%) of aneurysms, whereas long-term complete/near-complete aneurysm occlusion was 88.9% (162/189; 95% CI, 84%-93.5%; I2 20.9%) (mean radiologic follow-up of 9.6 months). The treatment-related complication rate was 17.8% (42/223; 95% CI, 11%-24%; I2 52.6%). Complications were higher in the posterior circulation (16/72 27%; 95% CI, 14%- 40%; I2 66% versus 18/149 11.7%; 95% CI, 7%-16%; I2 0%) (P .004) and after treatment with multiple stents (14/52 26%; 95% CI, 14%- 45%; I2 59%) compared with a single stent (20/141 10%; 95% CI, 5%-15%; I2 0%) (P .004). Aneurysm rebleeding after treatment was 4% (5/223; 95% CI, 1.8%-7%; I2 0%) and was higher in the first 72 hours. LIMITATIONS: Small and retrospective series. CONCLUSIONS: Flow-diversion treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms yields a high rate of long-term angiographic occlusion with a relatively low rate of aneurysm rebleeding. However, treatment is associated with a complication rate of 18%. When coiling or microsurgical clipping are not feasible strategies, anterior circulation ruptured aneurysms can be effectively treated with a flow-diversion technique, minimizing the number of stents deployed. Given the 27% rate of complications, flow diversion for ruptured posterior circulation aneurysms should be considered only in selected cases not amenable to other treatments.
Cagnazzo, F.; Di Carlo, D. T.; Cappucci, M.; Lefevre, P. -H.; Costalat, V.; Perrini, P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/938727
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