Introduction: Several neurodegenerative brain proteinopathies, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), are associated with cerebral deposition of insoluble aggregates of α-synuclein. Previous studies reported a trend toward increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) α-synuclein (α-syn) concentrations in AD compared with other neurodegenerative diseases and healthy controls. Methods: The pathophysiological role of CSF α-syn in asymptomatic subjects at risk of AD has not been explored. We performed a large-scale cross-sectional observational monocentric study of preclinical individuals at risk for AD (INSIGHT-preAD). Results: We found a positive association between CSF α-syn concentrations and brain β-amyloid deposition measures as mean cortical standard uptake value ratios. We demonstrate positive correlations between CSF α-syn and both CSF t-tau and p-tau181 concentrations. Discussion: Animal models presented evidence, indicating that α-syn may synergistically and directly induce fibrillization of both tau and β-amyloid. Our data indicate an association of CSF α-syn with AD-related pathophysiological mechanisms, during the preclinical phase of the disease.

Association of cerebrospinal fluid α-synuclein with total and phospho-tau181 protein concentrations and brain amyloid load in cognitively normal subjective memory complainers stratified by Alzheimer's disease biomarkers

Vergallo, Andrea;Baldacci, Filippo;Baldacci, F.;Levy, M.;Baldacci, F.;Bonuccelli, U.;Ceravolo, R.;Giorgi, F. S.;Vergallo, A.;
2018

Abstract

Introduction: Several neurodegenerative brain proteinopathies, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), are associated with cerebral deposition of insoluble aggregates of α-synuclein. Previous studies reported a trend toward increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) α-synuclein (α-syn) concentrations in AD compared with other neurodegenerative diseases and healthy controls. Methods: The pathophysiological role of CSF α-syn in asymptomatic subjects at risk of AD has not been explored. We performed a large-scale cross-sectional observational monocentric study of preclinical individuals at risk for AD (INSIGHT-preAD). Results: We found a positive association between CSF α-syn concentrations and brain β-amyloid deposition measures as mean cortical standard uptake value ratios. We demonstrate positive correlations between CSF α-syn and both CSF t-tau and p-tau181 concentrations. Discussion: Animal models presented evidence, indicating that α-syn may synergistically and directly induce fibrillization of both tau and β-amyloid. Our data indicate an association of CSF α-syn with AD-related pathophysiological mechanisms, during the preclinical phase of the disease.
Vergallo, Andrea; Bun, René-Sosata; Toschi, Nicola; Baldacci, Filippo; Zetterberg, Henrik; Blennow, Kaj; Cavedo, Enrica; Lamari, Foudil; Habert, Marie-Odile; Dubois, Bruno; Floris, Roberto; Garaci, Francesco; Lista, Simone; Hampel, Harald; Audrain, C.; Auffret, A.; Bakardjian, H.; Baldacci, F.; Batrancourt, B.; Benakki, I.; Benali, H.; Bertin, H.; Bertrand, A.; Boukadida, L.; Cacciamani, F.; Causse, V.; Cavedo, E.; Cherif Touil, S.; Chiesa, P. A.; Colliot, O.; Dalla Barba, G.; Depaulis, M.; Dos Santos, A.; Dubois, B.; Dubois, M.; Epelbaum, S.; Fontaine, B.; Francisque, H.; Gagliardi, G.; Genin, A.; Genthon, R.; Glasman, P.; Gombert, F.; Habert, M. O.; Hampel, H.; Hewa, H.; Houot, M.; Jungalee, N.; Kas, A.; Kilani, M.; La Corte, V.; Le Roy, F.; Lehericy, S.; Letondor, C.; Levy, M.; Lista, S.; Lowrey, M.; Ly, J.; Makiese, O.; Masetti, I.; Mendes, A.; Metzinger, C.; Michon, A.; Mochel, F.; Nait Arab, R.; Nyasse, F.; Perrin, C.; Poirier, F.; Poisson, C.; Potier, M. C.; Ratovohery, S.; Revillon, M.; Rojkova, K.; Santos-Andrade, K.; Schindler, R.; Servera, M. C.; Seux, L.; Simon, V.; Skovronsky, D.; Thiebaut, M.; Uspenskaya, O.; Vlaincu, M.; Aguilar, L. F.; Babiloni, C.; Baldacci, F.; Benda, N.; Black, K. L.; Bokde, A. L. W.; Bonuccelli, U.; Broich, K.; Bun, R. S.; Cacciola, F.; Castrillo, J.; Cavedo, E.; Ceravolo, R.; Chiesa, P. A.; Colliot, O.; Coman, C. M.; Corvol, J. C.; Cuello, A. C.; Cummings, J. L.; Depypere, H.; Dubois, B.; Duggento, A.; Durrleman, S.; Escott-Price, V.; Federoff, H.; Ferretti, M. T.; Fiandaca, M.; Frank, R. A.; Garaci, F.; Genthon, R.; George, N.; Giorgi, F. S.; Graziani, M.; Haberkamp, M.; Habert, M. O.; Hampel, H.; Herholz, K.; Karran, E.; Kim, S. H.; Koronyo, Y.; Koronyo-Hamaoui, M.; Lamari, F.; Langevin, T.; Lehéricy, S.; Lista, S.; Lorenceau, J.; Mapstone, M.; Neri, C.; Nisticò, R.; Nyasse-Messene, F.; O'Bryant, S. E.; Perry, G.; Ritchie, C.; Rojkova, K.; Rossi, S.; Santarnecchi, E.; Schneider, L. S.; Sporns, O.; Toschi, N.; Verdooner, S. R.; Vergallo, A.; Villain, N.; Welikovitch, L.; Woodcock, J.; Younesi, E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/939464
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