We report on a three dimensional (3D)-organotypic culture in vitro for selective growth and expansion of human corneal epithelial stem cells. Limbal corneal explants were cultured on porous collagen sponges submerged in Epilife medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum. The fragments were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for the expression and distribution of a spectrum of corneal epithelium markers: p63, CK-19, CK-3, Ki-67, pan-cytokeratins and vimentin. Early in culture the epithelium began to exfoliate losing its differentiated high-zone layers into the medium, maintaining only basal and few parabasal cells (mostly both p63 and CK-19 positive), which had remained attached to the specimen. After 14 days a new epithelium was formed displaying an increasing prominence of basal and suprabasal cells that, sliding onto the whole explant, showed the tendency to underlay stromal tissue and infiltrate into the underlaying sponge. After 21 days, sponge and fragments were incubated with trypsin-EDTA and dispersed epithelial cells were pipetted on a feeder monolayer of mitomycin-c-treated murine NIH.3T3 fibroblasts. Colonies of undifferentiated epithelial cells (p63, CK-19 and Ki-67 positive, CK-3 negative) were obtained: their cells, if seeded onto a collagen matrix containing embedded primary human corneal fibroblasts as feeder, provided the basic building blocks for reconstructing in vitro a 3D-multilayered corneal epithelium.
|Autori:||Papini S; Rosellini A; Nardi M; Giannarini C; Revoltella RP|
|Titolo:||Selective growth and expansion of human corneal epithelial basal stem cells in a three-dimensional-organ culture|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1432-0436.2005.07302006.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|