Context: Wehave shown that rosiglitazone increases whole-body and adipose tissue insulin sensitivity in humans. Objective: The aim of this study was to further examine whether possible changes in adipose perfusion could explain increased adipose tissue glucose uptake (GU). Patients: Thirty-seven patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes were included. Intervention: Patients were randomized into treatment with rosiglitazone, metformin, or placebo for 26 wk in a double-blinded trial. Design: Femoral adipose flow and GU were measured with [(15)O] H(2)O, [(18)F] fluorodeoxyglucose and positron emission tomography during euglycemic hyperinsulinemia. Adipose masses were measured using magnetic resonance imaging. Results: Metformin and rosiglitazone treatment improved glycemic control, but only rosiglitazone increased whole- body insulin sensitivity. Rosiglitazone treatment increased flow by 72% (P < 0.01) and GU by 23% (P < 0.05) and thereby decreased adipose tissue glucose extraction by 18% (P < 0.05); no changes were observed in the metformin or placebo-treated groups. When the adipose masses were taken into account, rosiglitazone treatment increased flow by 73% (P < 0.01) and GU by 24% (P < 0.05). During hyperinsulinemia, flow correlated with GU (r = 0.63; P < 0.01). Conclusions: In conclusion, sc GU is associated with flow in patients with type 2 diabetes. Rosiglitazone treatment enhances GU and flow but decreases glucose extraction, suggesting that perfusion may contribute to adipose tissue insulin sensitization by rosiglitazone.
|Autori interni:||FERRANNINI, ELEUTERIO|
|Autori:||Viljanen APM; Virtanen KA; Jarvisalo MJ; Hallsten K; Parkkola R; Ronnemaa T; Lonnqvist F; Iozzo P; Ferrannini E; Nuutila P|
|Titolo:||Rosiglitazone treatment increases subcutaneous adipose tissue glucose uptake in parallel with perfusion in patients with type 2 diabetes: A double-blind, randomized study with metformin|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1210/jc.2005-1073|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|