OBJECTIVE - We Studied the effects of the oral insulin secretagogue nateghnide on insulin secretion using a modeling approach to obtain beta-cell function parameters from a meal test and examined the impact of the beta-cell improvement on glucose tolerance. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Mild type 2 diabetic men and women (n = 1.08, fasting glucose 7.0-8.3 mmol/l) on diet treatment alone randomly received 30, 60, or 120 mg nateglinide or placebo for 24 weeks. beta-Cell function parameters were derived by modeling (based on C-peptide deconvolution) from a standardized meal test at baseline and after 24 weeks of treatment. RESULTS - The baseline demographic and metabolic characteristics of the lour groups were similar. Nateglinide treatment resulted in dose-dependent reductions in the mean postprandial glucose response and at the 120-mg dose in fasting glucose. Fasting or total insulin secretion during the meal were not different. In contrast, we found differences in the model parameters. Rate sensitivity (expressing early insulin secretion when glucose is rising) was significantly enhanced at 24 weeks with the lowest nateglinide dose, with no further stimulation at higher doses. Early potentiation (expressing an initial insulin secretion enhancement), glucose sensitivity (the slope of the glucose-insulin secretion relationship), and insulin secretion at a fixed reference 7-mmol/l glucose concentration all showed a trend toward increasing, with increasing nateglinicle dose, and were significantly greater than placebo at the 120-mg dose. In multiple regression analyses, changes in rate sensitivity, glucose Sensitivity, and potentiation all contributed to the observed glucose changes. CONCLUSIONS-The model-derived parameters are sensitive measures of beta-cell function showing improvements after nateglinicle treatment and predicting changes in glucose tolerance.
|Autori:||Mari A; Gastaldelli A; Foley JE; Pratley RE; Ferrannini E|
|Titolo:||beta-cell function in mild type 2 diabetic patients - Effects of 6-month lowering with nateglinide|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.2337/diacare.28.5.1132|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|