Purpose -The purpose of this paper is to propose a new lean metric named Overall Task Effectiveness (OTE), which can help analyst (i) to define target task times, and(ii) to identify the hidden losses that account for most of the recorded time of manual assembly activities. Design/methodology/approach – An alternative losses classification structure is developed to divide the losses that are external to the project order, and the losses due to inefficiencies directly ascribable to the project order. Starting from this classification structure of the losses,a novel lean metric, inspired from the well-known OEE,is developed to evaluate the effectiveness of a manual assembly task.A case study is provided, that briefly explains the methodology and illustrates the capability of the corresponding metric. Findings – This toolrepresents a suitable method to achieve simultaneously the dual purpose (i) to establish time standards, and (ii) to identify the hidden losses that account for most of the recorded time of a manual assembly activities, estimating the impacts of potential corrective actions in terms of both efficiency and effectiveness. Practical implications – OTE provides practitioners with an operative tool useful to highlight the points where the major inefficiencies take place in industries producing large complex items via manual assembly lines. Its practical application is fully demonstrated using a case study concerning a manufacturer of train wagons. Originality/value – One distinctive, and contemporarily appealing, feature of OTE with respect to other analogous KPIs is that it provides a breakdown structure for process losses that simplifies the task of evaluating the current performances and, at the same time, individuates both the source of losses and the corresponding corrective actions.

Overall Task Effectiveness: a new lean performance indicator in engineer-to-order environment

BRAGLIA Marcello;GABBRIELLI Roberto;MARRAZZINI Leonardo
2019-01-01

Abstract

Purpose -The purpose of this paper is to propose a new lean metric named Overall Task Effectiveness (OTE), which can help analyst (i) to define target task times, and(ii) to identify the hidden losses that account for most of the recorded time of manual assembly activities. Design/methodology/approach – An alternative losses classification structure is developed to divide the losses that are external to the project order, and the losses due to inefficiencies directly ascribable to the project order. Starting from this classification structure of the losses,a novel lean metric, inspired from the well-known OEE,is developed to evaluate the effectiveness of a manual assembly task.A case study is provided, that briefly explains the methodology and illustrates the capability of the corresponding metric. Findings – This toolrepresents a suitable method to achieve simultaneously the dual purpose (i) to establish time standards, and (ii) to identify the hidden losses that account for most of the recorded time of a manual assembly activities, estimating the impacts of potential corrective actions in terms of both efficiency and effectiveness. Practical implications – OTE provides practitioners with an operative tool useful to highlight the points where the major inefficiencies take place in industries producing large complex items via manual assembly lines. Its practical application is fully demonstrated using a case study concerning a manufacturer of train wagons. Originality/value – One distinctive, and contemporarily appealing, feature of OTE with respect to other analogous KPIs is that it provides a breakdown structure for process losses that simplifies the task of evaluating the current performances and, at the same time, individuates both the source of losses and the corresponding corrective actions.
2019
Braglia, Marcello; Gabbrielli, Roberto; Marrazzini, Leonardo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/962553
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