Structural studies on syn-tectonic veins cropping out in the northeastern sector of the Apuan Alps metamorphic complex (Northern Apennines, Italy) revealed two sets of veins: (1) type A fibrous veins within the "Scisti sericitici Formation", related to a late-D1 tectonic phase; (2) B-veins, within the "Diaspri Formation" that developed between late-D1 and D2 tectonic phases. The mineralogy of the A (quartz, chlorite, hematite with minor amounts of apatite, allanite-(Ce), thorite and synchysite) and B-veins (quartz only) reflects the mineralogical composition of the host-rocks: quartz, chlorite, white mica and accessory minerals (apatite, zircon, titanite) occur in the "Scisti sericitici Formation", while quartz is the main phase in the "Diaspri Formation". The study of fluid inclusions trapped in quartz crystals of the syn-tectonic veins shows that the inclusions are always oversaturated in NaCl at room temperature and their salinities range from 29.5 to 37 wt.% NaCl equiv. The isochore of the earliest trapped fluid inclusions (type IA; primary inclusions in fiber quartz of A veins), coupled with mineralogical geothermometric data, constrains the pressure-temperature conditions to around 325-300 MPa and 370-380 °C during the late-D1 phase. Subsequent trapping of inclusion types IIA, IIB, IIIA, IIIB and VB in the two vein sets probably occurred during a pressure-temperature decrease (down to 22-245 MPa and 260-270 °C) at a lithostatic thermal gradient of 30 °C/km. Type IVB inclusions, on the other hand, were probably trapped at lower pressure (between lithostatic and hydrostatic conditions) during a transient pressure drop resulting from fault-valve action. SEM/EDS analyses on salts precipitated within opened inclusions confirmed the NaCl-rich compositions of the trapped fluids and also revealed the presence of minor amounts of Ca, K and Mn in the salts. A fluid circulation model, based on mineralogical and fluid inclusion data, was proposed for the high-salinity fluids found in the syn-tectonic veins: the high-salinity and NaCl-rich nature of the trapped fluids suggest that the original metamorphic fluids interacted with evaporite levels present at the base of the Tuscan Nappe, overlying Apuan Alps metamorphic Units. These fluids then infiltrated downward, possibly through shear zones crosscutting the stratigraphic sequence, into the syn-tectonic veins and interacted with the host-rocks to produce a local element mobilization and their precipitation in the vein minerals; as a result the latter reflect the mineralogy of the host-rocks.
|Autori:||MONTOMOLI C.; RUGGIERI G.; CAROSI R.; DINI A.; GENOVESI M.|
|Titolo:||Fluid source and pressure-temperature conditions of high-salinity fluids in syn-tectonic veins from the Northeastern Apuan Alps (Northern Apennines, Italy)|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.pce.2005.01.003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|