The cross-calibration of different vintage data is an important prerequisite in attempting to determine the time-lapse seismic effects induced by hydrocarbon production in a reservoir. This paper reports the preprocessing and cross-calibration procedures adopted to modify the data of four seismic vintages (1982, 1989, 1992 and 1999) from the Oseberg field in the North Sea, for optimal conditions for a time-lapse seismic amplitude analysis. The final results, in terms of time-lapse variations, of acoustic impedance and of amplitude-versus-offset, are illustrated for selected data sets. The application of preprocessing to each individual vintage data set reduces the effects of the different acquisition and noise conditions, and leads to consistency in the amplitude response of the four vintages. This consistency facilitates the final amplitude cross-calibration that is carried out using, as reference, the Cretaceous horizon reflections above the Brent reservoir. Such cross-calibration can be considered as vintage-consistent residual amplitude correction. Acoustic impedance sections, intercept and gradient amplitude-versus-offset attributes and coherent amplitude-versus-offset estimates are computed on the final cross-calibrated data. The results, shown for three spatially coincident 2D lines selected from the 1982, 1989 and 1999 data sets, clearly indicate gas-cap expansion resulting from oil production. Such expansion is manifested as a decrease in acoustic impedance and a modification of the amplitude-versus-offset trends in the apical part of the reservoir.
|Autori interni:||MAZZOTTI, ALFREDO|
|Autori:||E. STUCCHI; MAZZOTTI A; S. CIUFFI|
|Titolo:||Seismic preprocessing and amplitude cross-calibration for a time-lapse amplitude study on seismic data from the Oseberg reservoir|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|